Bardia National Park is a protected area in Nepal, established in 1988 as Royal Bardia National Park. Covering an area of 968 km2 (374 sqm), it is the principal and for the whole wilderness region in Nepal’s Terai, neighboring the eastern bank of the Karnali River in the Bardiya district. Jungle Safari in Royal Bardia national park provides an exceptional wilderness understanding for visitors. Distinctive flora, fauna, and scenery of the park and indigenous culture of buffer zone communities are an essential attraction for the tourists during jungle safari in Bardia Park. Wilderness in the relatively unexplored deep jungles of Nepal Bardia National Park is remote, Challenging and offering unique adventure for wildlife and nature lovers.
Initially a hunting reserve It became a conservation area in 1976 and then attained National Park status in 1988. The WWF and the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation are active in the park monitoring wildlife and breeding habitats. They have also executed an educational plan for local people recognizing the significance and necessitate for conservation. Species preservation in the park has yielded reasonable outcomes as some mammalian species such as tiger, elephant, spotted deer, hog deer, Sambar deer, swamp deer, etc. have made the prominent comeback. In this regard, the reintroduction program of endangered rhinoceros has been carried out on a regular basis since 1986.
The Bardia National park of Nepal is reputed for its rich biodiversity. The vegetation in the park arrays from early succession stage, tall floodplains grassland, established on the alluvial floodplain of Karnali, Orai, and Babai river systems to the climax stage, Sal (Shorea robusta) forest, extended on relatively dry flat lands and slopes of the park are regenerated and are subjugated by grass species. About 70% of the park is covered with forest, with the stability of combination of grassland, savannah, and riverine forest. The wide range of plant life in forest and grassland presents an excellent territory for 642 faunal species. The Karnali-Babai river system, their small tributaries and myriads of oxbow lakes is habitat for 125 recorded species of fish and mugger crocodiles.
The Bardiya National Park is home to at least 53 mammals including 23 reptiles and amphibians and 407 bird species. The park is home to endangered animals such as the Royal Bengal tiger, wild elephant, Greater one-horned rhinoceros, swamp deer, and black buck. The other endangered species include gharial-crocodile, marsh mugger, and Gangetic dolphin. Endangered birds found in the park are Bengal florican, lesser florican, and sarus crane. On wildlife jungle safari in Bardia national park, you can witness excellent view of six different species of deer namely Chital or Spotted Deer, Hog Deer, Sambhar deer, Swamp Deer, Barasingha deer and Barking Deer cheerfully hopping around the high grasslands. During your pleasurable visit to the park, you get ample opportunity to enjoy elephant safari, bird watching, rafting along Karnali River, village tour, cultural program and crocodile breeding center tour. Wildlife tour in the National park unfolds vast plethora of amusing, adventure, enthusiasm and gratification.
There is a crocodile breeding center at the park headquarter for Gharial and Marsh mugger to increase itâ€™s number, which includes two major sections-hatchery and rearing sections. We will have an exciting visit to the crocodile breeding centre in the national park.
To explore the vast area of National park Jeep drive is also the way to observe the wildlife. We will take you across in to the jungle in four wheels drive vehicles and have more frequent sightings of the parks unique animals, vegetation and birds. You can stop the jeep and walk to the animal possibilities area as well as see the various types of forests and natural beauty and scenery.
An early morning 30 km drive by jeep will drop you by the Karnali River. Rafting is an great opportunities to sight the river birds, Asiatic gangetic dolphin, crocodiles, insects, three big animals and many more living in the river system as well as a great fishing in the river. Swimming is also possible and sometimes even the dolphins may join to your excitement.
The jungle scenery, birds and animals alone do not make up the unique features of Bardia National Park. You will gain insight the indigenous Tharus, the ancient native people of the Bardia jungle. Also experience the local routes and typical lifestyles of villagers. This gives visitors an opportunity to intermingle with locals and get familiarity with their culture and traditions.
Elephant safari is also the safest way to explore the wildlife up close. You will be taken into the bush and natural habitat of the quiet and beautiful jungle, which provides a different view of the park. You can travel through open grassland and dense forest on elephant back in search of rare wildlife. Your Elephant ride or known as Jungle Safari experiences Asian Elephant, Great One Horned Rhinoceros, Spotted Deer or Chital, Hog Deer, Barking Deer, Samber, Swamp Deer or Barasinghe, Nilgai or Blue Bull, Black Buck, Wild Boar, Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Wild Dog, Golden Jackal, Striped Hyena and many more.
Our jungle guide and wildlife tracker will take you to the jungle to point out the hidden life of the wildlife, where you can have wildlife experiences by walking safely, quietly, and leisurely through the forest as well as riverside. A highlight of this trip will be the viewing from the watch towers (Machhan) to have the wild sightseeing. We will have walk around the prime areas of the park to view nature’s gifts like wild species of animal and birds blended with the surrounding flora and fauna.
A cultural program performed by the Tharus is another way to enjoy and make significant contrast of visit. Get entertain with stick dances and folk songs. The drumbeat and the agile breathtaking stick dance performed by the Tharus people. Their rhythmic movements and the exciting drumbeat may urge you to join them in their performances.