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Tiji Festival in Mustang Nepal- Book your Trek for Tiji 2022

Tiji Festival in Mustang

Tiji festival in Mustang is the most exciting and new festival which is mostly celebrated in the upper mustang. Samdup Rabten mustang started this festival during the 17th century. He invited the king of other districts to come to Lo Manthang. After that, many kings gather in lo Manthang to perform a special ritual in the Chhode monastery.  People offer prayers and do rituals for the well-being of all living beings and people from the negative energy.  Since then, peoples and monks do these rituals in the Chhode monastery. They perform his festival for three days including the religious dance. During the 17th century, people celebrate Tiji on the twelfth month of the Tibetan calendar whereas nowadays Tiji falls on the third month of the Tibetan month.

The interesting part of the Tiji festival in Mustang  is the Tsowo dance, which starts three months before the main Tiji festival. Earlier on this festival, the member of the mustang royal family and all the villagers of the users to participate in the dance and enjoy. Another important part of the Tiji festival is the traditional meditation practice.  Mediation on the Tiji festival is practice in two different ways: – the first one is the peaceful dance by the subjugation of negative energy, and the second one is the actual mediation on the middle of the mountain ranges.

The ritual dance of the Tiji is the three stages; the first stage is the dance of 15 steps. The second stage of the dance showing the generation of deities of the two steps, and the last stage is the dance to clear the eternal negative views and to provide the auspiciousness of the festival.  The dancer performs the different positions and gestures to show the process of the mediation. Each small and big dance steps during the Tiji festival in Mustang have their meaning. People believe that dance steps during the Tiji dance clear the obstacles from the life of the people. Mustang area is a remote area, on the side of Tibet.  The wide Himalayan range and the snowy trail add beauty while celebrating the Tiji festival.

 

History of Tiji festival in Mustang Nepal

When it comes to the significance Tiji festival, there are different stories. People started celebrating the Tiji festival since Dorje Shonu killed the deity and saved the lives of people. Since then Tiji used to be very popular in Nepal and some parts of India. Padmasambhava who was a Buddhist monk started this tradition in Tibet during the 8th century. After that time, people started celebrating Tiji in the Tibetan way. Padmasambhava taught the dance moves to the monks of Chhode and Rinpoche monastery.  Monks are dressed as a different form of incarnation of Lord Buddha to perform this dance. However, the Tiji festival became more famous in the 17th century due to the trekking season.

Every year thousands of people visit the Chhode monastery to pray for the well-being of their family and friends. People from all over mustang come to offer their prayers in Chhode monastery.

 

How to get there?

People of the mustang region celebrate the Tiji festival, which is also the top destination of the people. For getting to mustang valley, you will have to arrive at the Tribhuwan international airport in Kathmandu, where our team will pick you up and escort you to the hotel. Next day you will be flying to Pokhara with the extraordinary views of the high mountain and the cultural places. After getting to Pokhara, you will have a short break after that, you will be flying to Jomsom. Jomsom is also popularly is the gateway of Mustang.

Alternative flight to Jomsom is the 10 hours road drive via Kali Gandaki. On the way, you will also have an aerial view of Kali Gandaki.  After landing at Jomsom, you will be starting your actual trek. The route to mustang goes through the barren landscape. On the way, you will also see the ancient wall town, which is the upper mustang. It takes 3 days from the Jomsom to reach the upper mustang. From here, you will have to cross many villages including Kagbeni, Chele, Zhalte, Syangboche, Dhakmar, Lo Gear, and Charang to reach Lo Manthang.

Both local people and the tourist are very fond of the Tiji festival. Most tourists find the dance very fascinating. Therefore, during the stay, you will have enough tie to explore nature as well as the culture. Festive hike to la Manthang is a very enjoyable trek and gaining the attention of lots of people. Mustang is an extremely beautiful place that is situated in the northern corner of the great Annapurna range.  On this festive trek to lo Manthang, you will get a clear view of the mesmerizing view of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri.  Muktinath is widely famous for the numerous Buddhist monasteries and the historic Muktinath temple. Muktinath temple is the highest altitude temple in the world.

Trekking to  Tiji Festival Mustang in Nepal

Tiji festival is the main festival of the people in mustang.  Monks on the monastery dance with a lot of power and eagerness. The dance moves represent the forms of the incarnation of Lord Buddha for establishing peace in the world. Tiji festival shows the victory of god over the demon. People celebrate Tiji in mustang since 17th century and gain a lot of popularity among the tourist. People from all around the world come to enjoy this festival and observe the Tibetan culture.

During the three days of the Tiji festival, the head of the monastery chooses the dancers among the monks of Chhode monastery considering various factors. Monks decorate the monastery with colorful thanka picture and the route to the monastery are full of Buddhists flag. On the day of the Tiji festival entire mustang, chant songs, and prayer at once.

On the first day of Tiji, villages on lo Manthang are crowded with the people from the nearby villages at the tourist. Earlier it was difficult to walk the barren landscape but nowadays-small jeeps can go to Chhode monastery. Tiji is the most awaited festival for the people of lo Manthang, they clean their house and prepare various food items.  For trekking who wants to trek mustang, the middle of May is perfect for you. During the Tiji festive trek to lo Manthang, you can observe the variation in topography and beauty of mustang. You will have to book your trek early as May is the peak season for trekking to mustang.

 

Altitude Sickness during Tiji Festival Trek

People perform the rituals in the Buddhist monastery of the upper mustang region. Therefore, it is quite common to have altitude sickness. Altitude sickness is a medical condition where your body does not get enough oxygen.  This problem mostly happens while trekking in the higher altitude area. Altitude sickness is not that scary and the risk can be prevented by taking some precautions. You should do Tiji festive trek with proper acclimation and having healthy food.

While trekking to the upper mustang for the Tiji festival you should take necessary precautions. You have to avoid hard drinks and slower the pace of trek on the high altitude place. People of all ages with good physical ability can do Tiji festive trek. Your highest point on this trek is 4,200 meters. If you have a positive attitude you can do this trek easily.

 

Tiji festival is an interesting festival in the mustang region. Tiji festival lasts for about 3 days. These three days are full of dance culture and exploring the culture. The rituals of the Tiji festival are ancient Tibetan culture. People remember the saviour of the mustang kingdom from the great destruction.  The name Tiji comes from the Tibetan word “tempa Chirim” meaning “devote or prayer for the world peace”.  All the people and the monks pray to god for the wellbeing of their families and loved ones.

However, some people also believed that the significance of the Tiji festival is the victory of “Dorje Sonnu” which is the incarnation of Lord Buddha over the Demon. That demon was a huge creature, which feeds on human beings and causing destruction in people’s life. Tiji festival takes place in the middle of May and lasts for three days. The monks of Chhode monastery perform different rites and rituals.

Dance is the main part of celebrating the Tiji festival, so Buddhist monks perform different forms of dance during the Tiji festival. “Tsa Chham” and “Nga Chham” are the traditional dance performed by the monks during the Tiji festival. People perform the rituals of Tiji only on Chhode monastery, however, Rinpoche monastery being the head and old monastery supervise Chhode much smaller monastery. At least sixty-five monks are required to perform the dance and the rituals.

The Rituals and the Festival

Almost all the festivals in Nepal have certain historic and cultural significance. Rituals make the festival enjoyable and meaningful. Tiji festival in the form of celebrating the victory of good over evil and spreading positive thoughts among people. Since Tiji lasts for three days so, here are the rituals of Tiji festivals.

  • Day 1

Day one is the opening day of the Tiji festival, people gather to celebrate and enjoy Tiji at Chhode monastery.  Monks perform the traditional dance “Tsa Chaam”.  This dance shows in the story of Dorji Son am. Monks dress as the different incarnations of Lord Buddha. The monks while performing the dance chase away the demons.

  • Day 2

Day 2 is widely known as the dance of Nga Chaam. People make different types of food and distribute it to monks. People also hold a feast in their house and enjoy the second day of Tiji.

  • Day 3

Day 3 is the final day of the Tiji festival. On this day monks perform the most sacred dance “Rha Chham” Damp Hu and Dhayngrya are the musical instrument played for this dance.  People believe “Rha Chham” is the practice to banish the deities and evil energy. One of the monks dress up as Dorje Sonam and is the leader of this dance. Lastly, in the evening, endings rituals are practice and people provide Prasad to the people and offer prayer to the god.

Tiji Festival Trek Highlights

  • You will get to learn new culture and be participate in the rituals of the Tiji festival.
  • Observing and knowing the importance of traditional dance and music on the people there.
  • The trail from Jomsom to the upper mustang is very adventurous as there are various boulders on the way.
  • Exploring around mustang valley and going to temples and monasteries during the festival is super relieving.
  • Tiji festival is the most important and sacred festival in the Mustang region, a different somewhat spiritual and beliefs can be observed during this festival.
  • Tibet has a great influence on the rituals of the Tiji festival as; mustang is often referred to as mini Tibet.
  • The surrounding of Chhode monastery is full of magnificent views of the great barren landscape and cultural sites.
  • The feeling of enjoying the Tiji festival in the middle of the mountains ranges is exhilarating.
  • Mustang is mostly famous for the apple and apple wine, Marpha.
  • Muktinath temple is the highest altitude temple in the world, in addition to this, it is the holiest place for the pilgrimage.
  • Going through the deepest gorge in the world Kali Gandaki and getting an aerial view of the great city Pokhara.

Tiji Festival Permit:

Normally for upper mustang trek, with maximum 10 days itinerary cost US$500 per person. However, during the Tiji festival since you will be spending only three days, it will cost US$150. US$50 increase per day if you want to extend your trek on the upper mustang. Upper mustang is the only place where single trekkers are not allowed to, you must have at least two people in your group for getting the permit. You will need a password copy (if foreign), a citizenship copy (for Nepalese), and a couple of photos.  You can make this permit either in the tourism board Kathmandu or Pokhara.

Tiji Festival 2022 Date:

This year in 2022, the Tiji festival will be celebrated from 16th May to 18th May 2022. These three days you will be exploring the mountains, culture, snow, and lifestyle of local people. If you are lucky, enough then you can observe the snowfall in the mountains.

 

Covid-19, Coronavirus Travel Updates Nepal – Entry Procedure

NEPAL ENTRY PROCEDURES | UPDATE June 28 2021

The government of Nepal has waived the requirement of a 10-day hotel quarantine rule for Nepalis and foreigners coming to the country from any foreign country if they have received all doses of any Covid-19 vaccine.

The vaccine recipients, however, still need to quarantine themselves in their destination for 10 days and concerned local governments need to monitor if they have obeyed the rules.

Meanwhile, a PCR negative report for the coronavirus test done within the last 72 hours is necessary for all the people entering the country.

Those who have not received the complete doses of vaccines should stay in quarantine at any of the several hotels designated by the government for quarantine. Before this, the quarantine period was set for 10 days.

Officials of diplomatic agencies based in Nepal and international agencies and NGOs, as well as their family members, are not required to stay at hotels for quarantine even if they have not received the full doses of the vaccine.

Kathmandu valley is under semi lockdown from April 28 and extended till June 28, 2021. With the surge of the second wave of Covid 19 as per directive given the Government. Similarly, neighboring districts of Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, and several other districts are under lockdown to the spread of Covid 19.

The government of Nepal opens a few flights in a week to some destinations.

Some notables:
Except for Indians and Chinese (shared borders), one cannot come via land .

This information is gleaned from the communique that came from the Prime Ministers’ office after a cabinet meeting. If you find any errors, please point them out, and they can be changed!

 

The visa on arrival is not totally open as stated online. You still need a recommendation letter from Nepal – via your local trekking/travel partner.

According to new travel protocols, posted on the website of the Tourism Ministry on Thursday evening, vaccinated tourists entering Nepal have to submit a negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test report form within 72 hours prior to departure from the country of origin.

After they arrive in Nepal, they have to conduct another PCR test at their own cost and stay at the isolation in the hotel until the report is out. With a negative PCR result, they can continue on their tour.

After Our understating of this pandemic and of the Covid-19 virus, we’re at a point where if necessary precautions are taken, everyone will be safe and healthy. After the start of the vaccination worldwide and in Nepal now we have more confidence to operate treks and tours. With our experience and all the above information it’s no doubt if necessary precautions are taken, we can travel safely.

We continue to closely monitor the unfolding Coronavirus / Covid-19 outbreak. We hope that our past and future guests and friends are staying safe around the globe. We are happy to share the good news with all our customers that we are in operation and our first trip to Everest base camp was made by Mr. Marck and we have few groups coming online this Springa and the upcoming Autumn season for Everest base camp trek, Annapurna, and Langtang area.

Safety First

Above the Himalaya Trekking always put the safety of our guests, employees, and community as our priority. If you choose to join us, you can be confident that we have implemented social distancing and sanitation procedures to ensure your comfort, health, and safety while cruising or staying with us. Thus worrying about the risk of COVID cases is minimum with our team as we are always concerned about the safety of our customers.

As a locally-owned small business in Kathmandu Nepal, we are deeply connected to our community. We will continue to do our part to keep our guests, employees, and community safe and healthy during this time. It is our passion to share the beauty of Nepal Himalayas with our guests and we look forward to doing so this autumn in the safest way possible.

Before we resume trips for trek and tour we will review all aspects of the holiday. We will check accommodation, transport, and other aspects of your holiday against our Covid-19 Safety Guidelines. We look closely to verify if they comply with local requirements.

Corona travel update in Nepal

Book with confidence

Our flexible booking will give you peace of mind and easy for you if sometimes plans change. Furthermore,  when you book with us you have the flexibility to change your travel plans.  – with the assurance that you’ll have options to re-book when it suits you. As long as you notify us about changes to your travel plans at least 21 days before your scheduled departure, you can pick new travel dates or an entirely different trip, with no change fees.

Above all, Above The Himalaya Trekking is committing to provide the health and safety of our guests. Because we only operate Private groups and small tours with limited numbers, we will be able to incorporate regular cleaning and sanitizing into our daily routine. Each of our tour guides is using with Mask, disposable paper towels for single-use, hand sanitizers for guest use, as well as all of the latest emergency contact details. Due to our we generally do not visit enclose places where large numbers of people are gathering.

Private trip and Small group travel

We focus on a private departure designed just for you. Select your own travel dates. Perfect for people who want to travel with a personal group of family, friends, or colleagues.  We’ve assessed the group sizes for our treks and tour. This is to order to maintain safe distancing between guests and carry out the enhanced new cleaning measures to minimize risks.

 

Trip review after Corona Virus, Everest View trek

Honest, knowledgeable service even during a pandemic. Review of Everest base camp trek
Everest view trek after Covid 19
One always worries whether a trekking company is being honest and how much their markup is, but Puru Timalsena and Above the Himalayas were straightforward, honest, told me where not to spend extra though it would have benefitted him, and did great follow up. I have used Above the Himalayas for two trips, the first in 2019 to visit Upper Mustang for the Tiji festival and the second in November 2020 for the Everest/Khumbu region. As I was living in Nepal, I tried initially to do some of the groundwork for myself, but with someone as knowledgeable as Puru at the helm, that was a mistake. He even helped us out at a hotel I tried to arrange on my own and helped us gather reliable information on how to get my wife back to Nepal during the pandemic after she had to leave with only a regular tourist visa. In both cases, he helped without any additional commission on his side, which you wouldn’t readily find in a country like Nepal. His arrangements and advice were always spot on. I highly recommend Above the Himalayas.
Marc Shapiro
USA

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Nepal starts vaccination drive against COVID-19

The first phase of the Covid-19 vaccination drive has completed in Nepal. With as many as 184,857 persons receiving the first dose of the vaccine throughout the country. The vaccine comes as a hope that the pandemic would end soon. The availability of Covid-19 vaccines decreases fatality rates in Nepal.

This is great news to everyone and especially for the travelers who are skeptical about how is Travelling going to be safe. Now you don’t need to worry and lest plan your trip together with us. y

Ministry of Health and Population informed that employees of all district-based government offices, public corporations and banks, journalists, elected local representatives, security personnel deployed for border security, and those who were missed out during the first phase of the campaign — health workers, health volunteers, drivers of ambulances and funeral vehicles, security persons mobilized for managing the bodies of those infected — will be vaccinated against the coronavirus.

 

What we are doing for our Tour Group:

  • Limitation on tour group sizes
  • Offer free hand sanitizers and face masks
  • Hygiene Safety Regulations for Customers
  • Mask: Need to wear it all the time when you are in crowds.
  • Hand cleaning: We suggest guests use hand sanitizers available.
  • Social distancing: Maintain a physical distance of at least 1.8 meters.
  • wearing a mask and using sanitizer regularly during your travel
  • Eating healthy food
  • Encourage drinking plenty of lukewarm water

 

Hygiene Safety Regulations for Staff

  • Masks and Gloves: Suggest wearing all times while serving customers.
  • Hand cleaning: Suggest cleaning regularly.
  • Medical checkup: Employees will be going through regular medical examinations.
  • Eating healthy food
  • Clean and sanitize frequently when touching surfaces.
  • Encourage drinking plenty of lukewarm water
  • Emergency Warning Signs will keep at the entrance.

 Hygiene Safety Regulations for Customers

  • Hand cleaning: Hands should be kept clean regularly with soap and water.
  • Visitors are asked to use the available hand sanitizers.
  • Social distancing: Maintaining a minimum distance of at least 1.8 meters.
  • Wearing a mask and Using sanitizer regularly during your travel

 

Before You Travel

Talk to your doctor before travel, especially if you’re at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19.
If you’re eligible, get fully vaccinated for COVID-19. Wait 2 weeks after getting your second vaccine dose to travel—it takes time for your body to create protection after any vaccination.
Check up 1-3 days before your trip to Nepal.
Do NOT travel if you were exposed to COVID-19, you’re sick, otherwise, you test positive for COVID-19.
Don’t travel with someone who is sick.
When traveling by your check if your airline requires any health information, test results, or other documents. Visit the Foreign Affairs Country Information page for details about entry requirements and restrictions for arriving travelers.
Follow any entry requirements or restrictions at your destination which could include testing, quarantine, and providing contact information.
If you get sick in Nepal, you would possibly need medical aid. Plan ahead and learn more about Getting Health Care During Travel.

During your  Travel

If you want to travel, take the subsequent steps to guard yourself et al. from COVID-19:
• Wear a mask over your nose and mouth when publicly settings. Masks are required on planes, buses, trains, and other sorts of public transportation traveling into, within the country.
• Avoid crowds and occupy at least 6 feet/2 meters (about 2 arm lengths) from anyone who didn’t travel with you. it is vital to try to do this everywhere—both indoors and outdoors.
• Wash your hands often or use hand sanitizer (with a minimum of 60% alcohol).
• Bring extra supplies, like masks and hand sanitizer.
• Avoid contact with anyone who is sick.
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.

Entry Protocol for Mountaineering Expeditions and Trekking in Nepal,

The Ministry of Culture, Tourism, and Civil Aviation issued the Entry Protocol for Mountaineering Expeditions and Trekking in Nepal for the safety and protection against the risk of COVID-19 for foreign tourists visiting Nepal for Mountaineering Expeditions and Trekking. The following are the terms and conditions:

 

  1. All tourists coming to Nepal for mountaineering and trekking must acquire a visa before arriving in Nepal.
  2. In the case of countries where visa provision for Nepal is not available, expedition teams or trekkers can coordinate with Travel and Trekking agencies based in Nepal for the arrangement of prior approval to enter Nepal.
  3. For prior Visa approval, the Nepal-based Agencies must submit all prescribed details of the client/s and relevant details to the Department of Tourism (DOT) for Expedition teams and the Nepal Tourism Board for Trekkers, for a recommendation of Visa to the Department of Immigration.
  4. Tourists arriving in Nepal as per point 1, the visa shall be provisioned at the point of entry by the Department of Immigration.
  5. Tourists entering Nepal must present the following documents at the entry point;

 

  1. RT (Polymerase Chain Reaction: PCR) Negative taken within 72 hours before departing the home country
  2. Visa or prior approval document (ref point 1) for entry to Nepal.
  3. A hotel booking for at least 10 days quarantine in Nepal.
  4. After entry to Nepal, tourists must stay in hotel quarantine for a minimum of 7 days.
  5. Tourists are required to take PCR test on the fifth day of hotel quarantine at their own expense and shall be allowed to proceed for expeditions or trekking on obtaining RT PCR Negative.
  6. As per Article 3, for tourists who test RT Positive for COVID-19, Quarantine shall be extended till he/ she obtains RT PCR Negative test report.
  7. Expedition or trekking teams must provide insurance coverage of a minimum of NPR 100,000/- (One lakh Nepali Rupees only) against COVID-19 to team members from Nepal prior to obtaining permission for expedition or trekking.
  8. While in expedition or trekking in Nepal, health guidelines issued by the Ministry of Health and Population of the Government of Nepal must be duly followed.
  9. Other conditions and criteria to be followed by the tourist shall be as per regular updates from the Department of Tourism. The concerned agency must provide detailed information on the same to tourists before the expedition or trekking.

 

Travel advisories

We have mentioned a few travel advisories below. You can also consult or get an update from your local advisories if you plan on making your travel in a few days. Do check all the entry and exit requirements as these requirements are changing frequently.

 

 

Mani Rimdu Festival in Everest region, Dates and Celebration for 2021

Mani Rimdu Festival in Everest

Nepal being a secular country, hold many festivals and celebration. Each religion has its own culture and tradition. Apart from that, a festival in Nepal also depends on the particular place that people are living. Mani Rimdu is also one such festival, which is celebrated by the people of the Everest region. It is a kind of carnival that is observed in honor of Buddhists Guru Rinpoche Padmasambhava. Mani Rimdu festival is an important festival which was started in 1900.

Nagawang Tenzing Norbu was the person who took the initiative of starting this tradition on Rongpunk Monastery in Tibet. After this slowly this tradition was followed in central China and the Everest region in Nepal. However, this is one of the main festivals in the Solu Khumbu district. Gurung and Sherpa people are mostly fond of this tradition. On the occasion of Mani Rimdu, people organize different events at Chiwong, Thami, and mainly in Tengboche Monastery. Mani Rimdu is celebrated for 10 days, each day having its importance and rituals.

Mani Rimbdu festival at Tengboche monastery

As Mani Rimdu festival is only observed in the Everest region of Nepal so, the festival is also called the trekking festival. Most people travel to the Everest region to enjoy Mani Rimdu. Tengboche monastery is the center for the celebration of Mani Rimdu. Tengboche monastery is said to be the oldest monastery in the world as it was built in 300 BC. Every year a huge crowd of people gathers around the Tengboche monastery. They observe the Mani Rimdu festival with great excitement. people get together in a particular place (mostly monastery) to dance, feast, and offer prayer to their god.

In the Tengboche monastery, people enjoy the dance shows of different gods. Sherpa and Lama local people perform their traditional rituals in the monastery. Mani Rimdu festival in the Everest region is the perfect combination of the Himalayas and Nepali traditions. You will feel the delight to observe the colorful festival in the middle of the mountain range. During this festival, you can observe the unique rituals of Buddhist people. Sherpa dance is also an important component of the Rimdu
festival.

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How is this festival celebrate?

Mani Rimdu festival is the most exciting festival as it is observed in the high Himalayas Buddhists monastery. Every year Mani Rimdu festival falls in November however, the dates are not fixed. The significance of the Mani Rimdu festival is the great win of Buddhism over the old Bon religion. People seek and give blessings to each other during these festivals. Most of the Buddhist people in the Everest region celebrate this festival by meditating throughout the nine days. They wear the mask of the Buddhist goddess and dance in the monastery.

Monks in the monastery perform the traditional rituals of these festivals, they also read the Buddhist script. People decorate their
houses and the route with the Buddhist flag. They worship the god by singing the traditional song and offering fruits, water, and flower to the god.

Mani rimdu festival

How can I start the Mani Rimdu festival trek?

For the Mani Rimdu festival, you will have to start this trek from the delightful flight from Kathmandu to Lukla. You can enjoy the great views of the mountains during this flight. From Lukla airport, you will have to start your trekking towards Namche Bazar which is at an altitude of 3440 meters. there you will stop to have lunch. Then you will have to continue your trek toward
Tengboche to enjoy Mani Rimdu festivals. On Mani Rimdu festive trek you will have to spend here nights in Tengboche. During this trek, you will get the charming glance of mount Everest surrounded by the serval other mountains.

In addition to this, on this Mani Rimbdu festival trek, you will also get a chance to explore around Kalapatthar which is famous for the best view of Mount Everest. Your final destination for this hike will be the Everest base camp trek. If you have the plan to stay during the entire nineteen days of this festival in the Everest region then you can observe the tradition of Mani Rimdu in Chiwong monastery and Thame as well. During Mani Rimdu Festival you can also watch the traditional lama dance, with the dramatic triumph of Buddhism over the Bon.

 

When is Mani Rimdu?

The date of the Mani Rimdu festival is fixed by the monks and the lama of the monastery. The date is fixed by interpreting the Tibetan calendar. As Mani Rimdu usually falls in October and November so this year Mani Rimdu falls in October. This festival starts from the 20th to the 23rd of October. This festival is a nineteen-day celebration, in which the first three days are the
main day for public celebration. Mani Rimdu is very famous in entire Nepal. People from different parts of the country come to enjoy this festival. people mostly pray for the well-being of family

People perform a different ritual in the Mani Rimdu festival to quell the demons and keep their friends and family safe. Monks
in the monastery wear the mask and dance. The most important day of Mani Rimdu is the first day where people pray and chant songs to the god. From the second day, lama dance and other rituals will start.

Finally, on the last day, the festival ended with prayers and feasts. Thousands of people including the local and tourist come to attend the rituals. Mani Rimdu festive trek is the real opportunity to get lost in the tradition and culture of Sherpas.

Mani Rimdu is divided into six Preparations:

 Construction of the Sand Mandala

The sand mandala is very important for any Buddhist ritual. The traditional sand mandala for the Mani Rimdu is made step by step. For making the symbolic design specially colored sand is used. It takes more than 10 days to complete the sand mandala. Then after the construction of the mandala defensive blade are used to make different designs and symbols of the god. After that, spiritual medicine is taken and put in the center of the mandala. Mandala is made to symbolize the lord of the dance which is called Garwang The Chenpo in Buddhists.

The famous prayer of Buddhists “Om Mane Panmbe Hung” is chanted by the monks during the rituals of the Mani Rimdu. People also tend to meditate and imagine the kind of lord buddha in the form of the mantra holding the mandala. People believe that this ritual will help to release kindness from the mandala and bless everyone at the Mani Rimdu festival.

Wong (The Empowerment)

Another important thing during the Mani Rimdu festival is the Wong. The Wong is the opening ceremony at the Tengboche monastery which is the first day of this festival. Usually, Wong is performed in the tenth month of the Tibetan calendar. In this ceremony, everyone at the monastery is given the spiritual medicine T shereel which is for long life and the sacred Mani Rimdu
which is for blessing everyone.

Mani rimdu festival trek

Chham (The Dances)

The public ceremony is the first three days of the Mani Rimdu festival. On the second day, traditional dances are performed. Monks wear the mask of the demons and protractors and then perform the drama of chasing demons by the protractors. The theme of Mani Rimdu is the victory of the positive force over the negativity. The dances are the form of teaching people about the philosophical
knowledge of lord buddha. It is also believed that the dance of the monk takes the form of the divine being. These types of dances are done only on Mani Rimdu, that is why the dance form is very sacred.

Ser-Kyem

Ser-Kyem is a special tradition of offering drinks to the dharma guru in Mani Rimdu festival. Ser Kyem is the Tibetan word in which ser means golden and Kyem means beverage. Lamas and monks perform this tradition to resolve the problems in their life. Ser-Kyem is offered in a unique kind of utensils. In which the down part is made up of the larger disk-shaped bowl. And the smaller glass is placed at the
top of the large disk. So, while ser-keym the beverage is poured into the upper glass such that the liquid overflows towards the down bowl.

Normally people offer alcohol from different vessels. They make the offering to the Yiadam who work at the monastery as the personal deity, Khandro who are the wisdom Dakini, and Lamas who are the spiritual guide. Offering ser-Keym to these beings will help to protect people and solve their problems. This tradition increases the feeling of brotherhood among people from Mani Rimbdu festival.

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The Fire Puja (Jinsak)

The fire puja is another interesting ritual performed during the Mani Rimdu festival. This tradition takes place in the yard after the second day or the dance day. Fire puja is a tradition of the offering of the god of fire which is called “Agni Dveta” in Nepali. This tradition is performed to dissolve the negative energy into the fire and make the world a positive place. In this puja, they offer sand mandala in the monastery.

Chhingpa

Chhingpa is the dance that portrays the Buddhist faith against the attack of demons. This Dane form defines the four protecting Ghings. People wear different types of paper mask to hide their faces and each dancer wears different color and display a different character. The dancer performs the traditional dance by being the cymbals. The interesting part of this dance is the dancer offer
charge to the audience especially children to scare them for fun.

Dakini is another form of dance that is performed at Mani Rimbdu festival. This form of dance consists of slow-motion with the perfect timing of the beats. Bells and drums are only used as musical instruments which are played by the younger monks. People do not wear any masks instead they portray female spiritual energy which is called Padmasambhava.

The ancient story state that the males represent skillful mean where female represents the wisdom and knowledge. Among the four messengers of the guru Rinpoche at Mani Rimdu two of them were male thousand to carry cymbals while the two were female who carried drums. Chhingpa represents enlightenment and wisdom.

Mani Rimbdu Festival Trek in Everest region

The most important highlights of this festival are the amazing environment and the fresh air. The magnificent serenity of the Tengboche monastery is worth watching. Along with the culture and tradition of Mani Rimdu festival trek.  you will get a breath-taking view of the world’s highest mountain, Mt. Everest, along with a hundred other renowned peaks like Ama Dablam, Nuptse, Lhotse, Thamserku, Katanga, etc. The route to Tengboche monastery goes through the tall rhododendron and oak forest.

During the Mani Rimdu festival trek, you will get to see many other rare animals like yellow-bile cough and snow leopards. The
entire route to Tengboche monastery is decorated with Buddhist flags. The rocks ad houses are also carved with various art. local people cook a variety of food items and held a feast to invite their friends and family. Tengboche monastery was built by the lama guru in 1916. the design of the Tengboche monastery is inspired by the Rinpoche monastery in Tibet.

Although strong tiles were used in the construction of this monastery, it was damaged later by the earthquake in 1934 but the locals reconstructed it. Mani Rimdu is very special and holds lots of beliefs for the Sherpa people. Especially people from foreign countries enjoy this festival.

What are the Highlights of this Festival trek?

  •  Mani Rimdu festival is the most auspicious festival which is celebrated in honor of buddhis Guru Rinpoche.
  •  This is the most sacred festival with colorful dances, masks, and a grand carnival. Buddhist monk sing-song and read the holy book.
  •  Everyone in the Everest region wears the cultural dress, holds a feast, and invites each other to enjoy.
  •  The monks on the Tengboche monastery, perform the traditional rites and rituals.
  •  People perform the Dakini to chase off the demons and negative energy.
  •  Weather during this festive season is moderate thus providing clear views of the sky and the mountains.
  • Enjoying this colorful festival is surrounded

Buddha Jayanti in Nepal, Its Date and Celebration

Buddha Jayanti  26th May 2021

Nepal is the country of the great Himalayas trails and land where Gautam Buddha was born. Every festival in Nepal is celebrating with huge pride and excitement. All the festival has equal importance in Nepal no matter which religion it is. Among many such festivals, Buddha Jayanti is also one of them. Buddha Jayanti in Nepal is celebrating cherish the unlimited knowledge that lord buddha has provide. On the day of Buddha, Jayanti people also memorize the life of lord buddha, his deeds of enlightening, and his death. People refer to the death of lord buddha as Mahaparinirana.

Lord Buddha was born in the western terai plans of Nepal. He was born in the family of king Suddhodhana and the queen Maya Devi. While she was pregnant with Gautam Buddha, She also loved to walk around the garden that is why she got into labor while roaming in the garden. She gave birth to the in the garden taking the support of branch of the trees. Buddha was born on the night of Purnima (full moon day) in 682 B.C. He was given every privileged in his life as a son of the king. But he strongly believes in taking some steps and educate people about the importance of humanity.

Lumbini is the place where lord buddha took birth. It falls on the Kapil Vastu of western Terai Nepal. After his birth, Buddha spent his first 29 years in Devdaha. Devdaha was his maternal home, during his stay there he got the chance to visit around many sacred places and monasteries around the country. There are also two-man great stupas Shyambhunath and Baudhanatha establish in honor of lord buddha. These stupas are also enlisted in the world heritage site by UNESCO.

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Traditions of Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima is the greatest festival for all the Nepalese people. Gautam buddha was the person who found Buddhism in the world around 3000 years ago. There have been various controversies about the exact day when Buddha was born or dies, However, according to the Buddhist tradition, it is also said that he was born on April 8 and died on February 15th in around 949 BC. Gautam buddha was one of the Shakya who had a small clan. The kingdom was situated at the foothills of the Himalayas and is now the south of central Nepal.

Traditionally on buddha Purnima people used to dress differently mostly wearing white color. They also make a rice pudding which they call Kheer. Kheer is made on the occasion of Buddha Purnima to remember the legendary story where a woman named Sujata once offered Gautam buddha Kheer on his birthday. So since then, offering kheer to the monasteries has been a tradition. Dharma chakra is another important thing to remember on Buddha Purnima.

It is said that the dharma wheel is taken as the symbol which was seen during Vesak. The wheel is mostly made up of a wooden wheel consisting of eight spokes, the dharma wheel is very important for Buddhist people as it represents the teaching of lord buddha towards the path of enlightening. Those eight spokes on the wheel represent this noble eightfold path of Buddhism.

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When is Buddha Purnima?

Buddha Purnima is the most sacred and awaited day of the year. This festival is not only celebrated by Buddhist people but people around the world. this is the day when people celebrate and ensure humanity among themselves. People enjoy this festival with great enthusiasm and Delight. The exact date of Buddha Purnima falls on the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar. Although the date varies each year normally this day falls on the Jestha month of the Hindu calendar which is around may on the English calendar.

Although people of all religions celebrate buddha Jayanti nowadays earlier only Buddhism followers have been celebrating this festival. Since the conference of Buddhists held in sir Lanka held in 1950, it was official that people of all religions can enjoy Buddha Purnima. Followers of Buddhism take every full moon as sacred. This particular full moon on Jestha has separate significance as lord buddha was born on this day.

 

Buddha Purnima 2021 date

Buddha Purnima which is commonly referred to as Buddha Jayanti is the most auspicious day for the Buddhist people. this day is celebrating the birth anniversary of Gautam Buddha who was the founder of Buddhism. On this day lord buddha found the alignment and draw the path to humanity. Many counties including Nepal and India also provide a national holiday on the occasion of Buddha Purnima. Each year the date of Buddha Purnima varies so, this year in 2021 buddha Jayanti falls on May 26. Every year on the full moon day in Jestha month of the Hindu calendar, the birth anniversary of lord buddha. Interestingly on the date of his birthday lord buddha served enlightenment and left his body to achieve Mahaparinirana which is said to be his ultimate salvation.

 

How is this festival celebrated in Nepal?

Being the hometown of lord buddha there, buddha Purnima has special significance in Nepal. You must visit Lumbini, as the entire place is decorated with lights and flowers. Every year n the day f Buddha Jayanti thousands of people visit Lumbini. The beautiful Maha Maya Mandir made in the memory of queen Maya Devi will be reopened. This temple was about 300 years old and is the oldest temple built with an ancient structure.

However, this temple was destroyed due to the earthquake. Different forms of celebrating are done for honoring lord buddha. compassion and wisdom are the great messages that buddha had given. There is an organization known as the Buddha Jayanti committee which was established in 2003 to celebrate buddha Jayanti with proper rituals. This organization also takes care of the Buddhist culture, their ideas, and buddha’s life.  Along with that here are some social works which are done in memory of lord buddha: –

  • Social media, radios, and TV channels are organizing different talk shows regarding Buddhism. TV channels run a separate program featuring Buddhist teachers. They discuss abbot the ceremony in Buddhism.  People remember the Buddhist philosophy on the day of Buddha Jayanti.
  • Different organizations hold a nationwide quiz regarding buddha for school children. These types of social events help people to understand the life of buddha and Buddhist arts and cultures.
  • Every year on the occasion of Buddha Jayanti a blood donation Campaign is held at monasteries including Swayambunath and Boudhanath.
  • Different social organizations collaborate with the medical groups to organize free health campaigned in different places.
  • Food and clothes distribution programs are held to help poor and helpless people.
  • Social awareness rallies are also conducted on the special occasion of Buddha Purnima.

kathmandu day tour

Happy Buddha Jayanti

Buddha Purnima is the sacred and one of the most important days for all the Nepalese. On the day of Buddha Jayanti, many programs were organized throughout the country. During this day people offer different things to the Bodhi tree which is planted in Bihar. Following the knowledge given by lord buddha, people help poor and needy people by proving them food to eat and clothes. On this day people visit buddhis monasteries and stupa.

There is the oldest monastery in the Khumbu region in Nepal, where there is the greatest celebration of this festival. Buddhist monks read their traditional book based on lord buddha’s life story. Many people also pledge to leave their life of non-violence and harmony. This year 2021 as the entire world is suffering from the coronavirus pandemic so celebrating buddha Jayanti might not be limited within your home due to the restriction.

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Buddha Purnima significance

During the entire month of buddha Purnima, Buddhist people eat nonvegetarian. They make different types of food to offer in stupas in Buddha Jayanti.  They also wear white clothes and conduct charity events. People feed animals and homeless people on the day of Buddha Purnima. The different organizations held rallies against social problems remembering the lessons of lord buddha.  People do yoga, offer water to the plants, and mediate.

There is a different significance of Buddha Purnima. Mainly Buddhist people gather around the monasteries and stupas to offer prayers, meditate and chant Buddhist songs. There is the tradition of keeping fast and helping other people on the occasion of Buddha Purnima to cherish his knowledge. Apart from the Buddhist people Hindu people also perform some rituals on Buddha Jayanti.  Hindu people believe that if you take a holy bath at the Ganga River then it will keep away all the sins from their life.

Lumbini Nepal

Buddhism

There have been various disputes about the origin of  Buddhism, however many people believe that Buddhism was established in Nepal. buddha went to many countries including India, Bhutan, and Sri Lanka which is why Buddhism has an important impact on these countries. The time of lord buddha is now said as the time of revival and rejuvenation of mystical and regional thoughts. Buddha establishes the system of philosophical, spiritual, and social importance in life.

The life of Siddhartha is often referring as the elimination of suffering. Lord buddha created the path that all human beings can follow to ultimately become free from suffering. Buddhism is based on “the Nobel eightfold path” or the “middle way path” formed by lord buddha.

Gautam Buddha has sacrificed his life to teach people to understand the true meaning of life. He told the entire world that the cycle of birth and rebirth depends on Karma. Gautam buddha was a great personality who was a guide to religion and spirituality. He inspired people to help each other in need and maintain peace among people.

People remember the four Nobel paths drawn by lord buddha in Buddha Jayanti. Gautam Buddha taught people the importance of good works rather than other things in life. He left all the privileged as the king to make the world a better place to live. Lord Buddha is also important for Hindu people because he is taken as the ninth form of lord Vishnu.

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What is the eightfold path set by lord buddha?

We all know that how lord buddha spends his entire life teaching people to respect each other and have humanity among all pants and animals. Although buddha came from a privileged life he chooses to sacrifice his life for the welfare of the entire world.

  • Right Speech (Samma vaca)

Right to speech means avoiding or not lying, backbiting and slander. Or saying any kind of thing that many causes negativity among people which results in conflict, enmity, hatred, and disunity among people. You should also always speak good about people and spread positivity among people.

 

  • Right action (Samma kammanta)

This path created by lord buddha focus on promoting moral and peace among society. People in today’s generation have been destroying other’s life, stealing, being dishonest.  People are losing honorable life, so buddha teaches people to create peace to live meaning full life.

  • Right livelihood (Samma ajiva)

right to live means that we should live our life by not harming any other being. One should not believe in evil works such as trading arms or weapons, drinking alcohol, or killing animals. According to lord buddha, you should not give pain to other living beings just to fulfill our needs. We should respect every living being on this planet.

  • Right effort (Samma Vayama)

 

Right to efforts implies preventing evil thoughts from life.  One should also always put efforts to kill the evil thoughts in their life and become better from our life. For that, you should see the positive side of everything. You should develop and try to bring perfection to everything.

  • Rightful mildness

People should have the right mindfulness i.e., having sensation or feelings toward everybody and right thoughts among everything. One should always keep others’ feelings in regard. You should not have any negative thoughts about any things. You should not have hatred in your mind against anything. We also need to always try to keep peace in everything that we do.

 

Festivals in Nepal and its Celebation Dates

Festivals in Nepal

Festivals in Nepal are a very important part of the life of people ad almost every month has at least one or more festivals. People in Nepal enjoy the festivals with enthusiasm and religious flavor. Festivals in Nepal are one of the ways to express the emotions of people and celebrate the culture and tradition. Festivals are the chance to rejoice in special moments with our family and loved ones. Earlier festivals celebrate to pass the legends, knowledge, and tradition to our coming generations. But nowadays festivals mostly take as a break or a distraction for our day-to-day, exhausting routine of life.

People also say that Nepal is a country where there are more temples than houses, more gods and goddesses than people, and more festivals than days in a year. Being a secular country, all kinds of religious festivals are famous in Nepal. People celebrate each of the festivals in its religious way. Rejoicing the festival with people increases belongingness among the people. Hosting or going to a feast during festivals is the common way for reveling festivals in Nepal. Though festivals in Nepal are eminent by all people, the rituals and beliefs of the same festival may be differing from each culture.

Why are festivals important in Nepal?

Nepali people are one of the most socializing people in the world. A person’s social interaction with their fellow people not only defines happiness but also helps to grow their capacity to learn about other’s culture and traditions. People of Nepal are knowing for their peaceful harmonious behaviors all around the world. The social and cultural heritage of Nepal which are an amazing mixture of customs. Also with traditions, moral values, attitudes, festivals, and beliefs. This culture and etiquette have are coming from one generation to another. Festivals in Nepal are celebrate with the social and economic situation of ancient times.

In today’s busy and chaotic time, mostly happiness is overshadowed by negativity and technologies. So, people in Nepal consider the festival is the time to bring positivity and enjoyment among themselves. Thus, the festival is the chance to forget all the pain and worries and enjoy the positive side of life with their loved ones.

Mani rimdu festival

Festivals are the stress buster for the people in Nepal which helps to balance their emotions. Moreover, Nepali’s festivals also provide an incredible opportunity to decrease frictions and bring friends and relatives together in a bond of love. Festivals have been the opportunity of bringing people together. Festivals in Nepal depend upon the religion of the people for example: – Hindu people celebrate Dashain and Tihar, Muslims celebrate Eid and Christian people celebrate Christmas.

Being an agricultural country, many festivals are based on agriculture. That festival that depends on agriculture is often referred to as the harvesting festival. harvesting festivals are Eid, Diwali, and Maghe Sangrati. These festivals fall on the time of harvesting things like rice and potato.

Celebration of Festival and its Importance

Festivals are the reason to increase the relationship among family members. Festivals in Nepal are the chance of widening the culture and tradition of the group of people to the entire world. As Nepali people living in the foreign country, introduce the festivals among the foreign country. people can share their throughs about a problem and ways to solve them. Festival is the time of spreading positivity among the people and having a great time with relatives and family members.

In addition to this, festivals also make cure the mental health of the people. The most important part of celebrating the festival in Nepal is the blessing that the elders give. Festival helps to build and increase the social and cultural relationships among people. technology and modernization have increased the pop culture in Nepal so, festivals are the way of saving our tradition and legacy of the ancient Nepali culture. The festival time is the time to refresh our minds and life. During festivals, people forget all their tensions and enjoy themselves with their families.

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Types of festivals famous in Nepal

• National festival
Those festival which helps us to connect with our country are the national festivals. The national festival reminds all the citizens of the country about their duty toward their nation. The national festival is celebrating by all kinds of people where it is Hindus or Muslims inside the country. This type of festival is enjoyed with great enthusiasm and excitement. Some of the national festivals in Nepal are Constitution Day, Martyr’s day and Buddha Jayanti, etc. they are celebrated throughout the country. Especially formal programs and rallies are held on the occasion of these national festivals.

• Religious festivals
A religious festival in Nepal is a festival whose celebration takes place among a particular religious group. For example, people of the Hindu region celebrate Dashain and Tihar whereas Muslim people celebrate Eid. the main motive of religious festival is to make people learn the principle and ethic of the religion. Although these kinds are very different from each religion but in Nepal, people of all religions celebrate all kinds of festivals. During these festivals, people thank and worship their significant god.

• Season festivals

Seasonal festival in Nepal is the festivals which fall on the particular time of the year. The seasonal festival is very important as they are related to the ancient people and an occupation. Season festivals are often referring as the harvesting festival. People of all religions celebrate these festivals with great excitement. Due to modernization seasonal festivals of people of one country celebrate the seasonal festival of another country. Basanta Panchami, Holi, Maghe Sangrati, Aausi, etc are the example of the seasonal festival celebrated in Nepal. seasonal festivals give information about the upcoming season or the end of last season. For example- Holi is the festival of color and is celebrated during the time of Faguln which signifies the end of the winter season and welcomes the bright days of summer.

teej festival

Dance and shows during festivals

There are different forms of dance in Nepalis’ culture. Every ethnic group of Nepal has a unique dance form. During the festival, each group enjoys performing their significant dance forms. You will get to observe the dance and artwork of the people during festivals. The interesting thing about celebrating festivals in Nepal is that, although the festival is the same among all the communities the way of celebration and the rituals differ from each community. Festivals are a time of enjoyment and people enjoy the festival by dancing.

To show the variety in dance and culture different functions or shows are held in different parts of our country. For example, in the new year of Nepal, a different formal program is held throughout the country. In that program, each community group performs their dance and shows their culture. You can also take part in the cultural shows. The dance form of Newar people is called Bihu, similarly, Tharu, maruni, Tamang, and classical are the forms of dance that are performed in Nepal.

Music

Music is also one of the ways to show our emotions during the festival. The folk music of Nepal is very famous. You can observe the folk music of Nepal during programs and festivals. The instruments used for playing folk music are handmade and traditional. Some of the famous musical instruments are Madal, sarangi, and Bansuri. These musical instruments add traditional spice to the music. The most famous form of music in Nepal is Khaijadi and Dohori. These forms of music were used as the mesa of expressing emotions among one another. People play this music during festivals.

Feast

Another important component of celebrating the festival is the feast. People organize a feast at every festival. The feast is the means of getting close with the family and friends. During festivals in Nepal, people invite relatives and friends for a feast. People cook a variety of food during the festival. Many of the festivals in Nepal have their special types of food. For maple people during Dashain and Tihar mainly eat meat, during Maghe Sangrati they eat Khir and during Janai Purnima, they eat beans. Gifts are also part of celebrating the festival while going to the feast, people bring gifts and fruits.

List of festivals in Nepal

Every festival that is notable in Nepal has its significance as well as different rights and rituals. According to Hindu mythology, each day of the weekdays has its own story and reasons. Moreover, different religion like Islam, Christian, and Buddhists in our country has festivals which are related to their beliefs as well as their culture. There are some mythological events and rituals performed in every festival, mostly Nepali people take every happy movement as festivals. Festivals make our life more interesting and exciting. It is the time where family and relatives get together and share happiness.

Maghe Sankranti festival in Nepal

On this month, the ray of the sun is reflected in the southern hemisphere and the temperature begins to rise earlier people celebrate this festival to thank god for his efforts and giving lives to people. on this day, people take a holy bath near the rivers early in the morning. People also say that taking bath at the holy river on this day will wash and remove sin from life people read Bhagwat Gita on the day and sing holy songs. Similarly, people mainly eat Yams(tarul)and Til ko laddu (a sweet made of sesame), and sugarcane paste. During this festival in Nepal, people go to their relative’s houses and attend a feast. People also travel to many temples and religious sites on the day of Maghe Sankranti especially, Devghat.

Sonam Lhosar

Lhosar

People celebrate Lhosar by hosting feasts, family visits, and dancing. People wear new clothes and congratulate each other. They also exchange gifts and eat a variety of foods and enjoy. People who follow Buddhism go to monasteries and pray to Lord Buddha for life and health. Buddhist people of the Himalayan region take Lhosar as their main festival. They also hold many programs during Lhosar. The roads and houses of people are decorated with Buddhist flags. People near Kathmandu visit Sywambhu and Bauddhanth stupa. There is the tradition where people through Tsamop which is made up of roasted barley flour in the air. There are different types of Lhosar that Buddhist people celebrate: – Sonam Lhosar, Galpyo Lhosar, and Tamu Lhosar. Each Lhosar has a different Significance and is celebrated by a different group of Buddhist people.

Basanta Panchami (Shree Panchami)

Mostly children or students celebrate this festival. Buddhist’s people worship the God Manjushree on this day. People in the ancient time celebrate Shree Panchami as the announcement for the beginning of the spring season. Basanta Panchami is also the special day for getting married. In ancient times, Hindu boys were given their first initiation for learning on this day. That is why teaching the first alphabet to children is considered to be very good. On this day people mostly visit Human Doka and Patan to flock to the Kunda. This festival mostly falls on the month of Bishak Shree Panchami is the day when people celebrate education. These days’ people start giving free education to the children who do not have reach to the school and college.

Shivaratri festival

Maha Shivaratri Festivals in Nepal

If you are visiting Nepal during Shivaratri then you must visit the Pashupatinath temple. During these festivals in Nepal, devotees wake up early in the morning and take bath. They visit the shiva mandir nearby their house and worship lord shiva. During this day Pashupatinath temple is decorated and more than 50k people visit this temple. You can see many sadhus and devotee sing-song and dance. People often take fast during this day and eat at the time of evening after worshipping shiva again. Especially in Nepal on the day of the Shivaratri festival, people enjoy burnfire in different places. Children enjoy Shivaratri by standing on the road with the long rope to stop the vehicles and getting money from them.

Falgun Poornima (Holi)

Holi is another famous and exciting festival in Nepal celebrating in Nepal. On this day, people enjoy with each other by putting on colors and playing with water. Holi is celebrating the death of the demon Holika. Holika was the devil with the wicked leg. But she was blessed by Lord Vishnu to be unburnt. She then tried to kill her nephew who was three great admirers of lord Vishnu. So, she took her nephew in her lap and sat on fire. Lord Vishnu killed Holika instead for being a demon and trying to kill the innocent child. Since then, Holi is celebrated as the festival of color and enjoinment.

Holi falls on the Nepalis month Falgun that is why it is also referred to as the Falgun Purnima. People also visit different places and enjoy themselves during Holi. Holi in Nepal is celebrated on two different days, the first day in the Himalayan and Hilly region and the second day in the Terai region. People tend to drink Bhang and dance on the day of Holi.

Holi festival Nepal

Bisket Jatra Festivals in Nepal

Bisket Jatra is a typical Newari festival that mostly falls on the month of Bishak and Chait. This festival is mostly celebrated in Bhaktapur for four days. Bisket Jatra is the new year of the Newari people. Rath’s small wooden temple is lifted moves them around the city. People offer blood, meat, flowers, and coins to god. People drink rice beer, eat meats to drag chariots accords the street of Bhaktapur city. Mostly youth drag the chariots during the whole day and wherever the rathe stops they lit the lamp, after that devotees run and overflow into the surrounding. Along with the main, all other gods are also put into the wooden palanquins. All people of Bhaktapur come to see this Jatra. People celebrating Bisket Jatra with great and energies and excitement.

Mother’s Day

We all know that Mother’s Day is the most important and exciting festival in Nepal. Nepali Mother’s Day and International Mother’s Day fall on two different dates. In this day people buy different kinds of goods for their mother and do many things to impressing their mother. This festival is referring as the “locking at mother’s face” in Nepalis. Daughter and son celebrate this day with their mother and their loved ones. The Nepali style of celebrating Mother’s Day is by putting tika on their mother’s forehead and giving them many gifts. Matha Tirtha is a special kind of Mela which is organizing on this day.

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Buddha Jayanti

As Gautam was born in Nepal, the festivals in Nepal is celebrating by all the Nepalese where they are Hindus or Buddhists. Buddha Jayanti is the day when Siddhartha Gautam aka Gautam Buddha was born. Lumbini which is the birthplace of Gautam Buddha, this day is very important there. Buddhist monk persuasions this day fully and going through all the Buddhists place. On the honor of Lord Buddha. On the birthday of Lord Buddha, people from different rallies, social events, or charity events. Gautam Buddha is famous for his good works and spreading happiness among people, so people do charity events on this day. You can also visit Swayambunath and Baudhanatha stupa during this day.

Nag Panchami

As most of the Festivals in Nepal are based on the sacrifice of animals in ancient times. On Nag Panchami, in Nepali people worship the god of the serpent. Nag Panchami is an important day for Astrology and horoscope. People celebrate Nag Panchami on the month of Shrawan due to rainfall and high-temperature snakes come out from their hibernation. On this day people offer milk to the snakes. The history of Nag Panchami is when Lord Krishna killed the snake on this day and saved all the villagers. That is why Nepalese people worship the photo of the snake and paste them on the gateway of their house.

Janai Purnima (Rakshya Bandhan)

Janai Purnima is an important festival of Nepal of Hindus which falls on the month of Ashar and Shrawan.
Mainly Brahmins celebrate this festival on the Full moon. The word Janai is the Nepali word which is the sacred thread. Nepali men wear this thread or Janai on their body and chest with some rituals. On the Janai Purnima women and children visit the temples and wear the holy thread (mostly of red and yellow colour) on their wrists.

On the day of Janai Purnima people also celebrate Rakshya Bandhan. This is the festival when people celebrate the relation between brother and sister. Sister makes their brothers wear the thread on their brother of Wrist and thanks for the protection of their sister. Sister give gifts and sweets to their brothers.

Gai Jatra

Gai Jatra is an important and historical festivals of Nepal that has an interesting significance. It is mostly celebrating in Kathmandu valley. As the name, Jatra itself suggests worshipping the cow. At the festival of Gai Jatra, all the cows are decorating with flowers and tikas and, the cow is walking on the entire street. The significance of Gai Jatra is to remember the dead people of each family. The cow is decorating in honor of the dead member of the family who died that particular year. people believe that walking the cow in the street and offering grass to the cow will open the gate of Heaven to that dead person.

Children are also dressed very differently at this festival. Nowadays the celebration of Gai Jatra has been decreasing in the other part of the country. But in Kathmandu valley, people celebrate this festival with a great amount of excitement and enjoyment. If you want to enjoy the real beauty of Gai Jatra you can visit Patan and Basanta Durbar Square. Another interesting ritual about Gai Jatra is that on Bhaktapur, a special apparatus is made up of bamboo and it is wrapped with clothes. Then people carry the bamboo apparatus and then it is walking down the street.

Krishna Janmashtami

This is the day when the dark god Shree Krishna born. Shree Krishna was the one who taught Arjun about Karma in the holy book Mahabharat. Krishna Janmashtami is mostly falling on the earth night of the dark moon of August. Shree Krishna is often referring as the god of love. He taught people to love and maintain peace in their lives. during this day people visit Krishna mandir nearby their house and offer to take fast. There are different temples where you can visit during Krishna Janmashtami, although people tend to visit the Krishna mandir of Patan on this day.

People dance and sing Krishna’s song on this day. The amazing deeds of Shree Krishna are also calling as Rashlia. Priests tell the story of Lord Krishna on the temple. Then after midnight people gather in the temple and people perform an act of when Krishna was born. People go to different meals and fairs on the day of Krishna Janmashtami.

Father’s Day

It is in Nepal is calling as Kushe Aaushi. Father’s Day o Nepal falls on the month of Bhadra of Nepali month. Unlike, Mother’s Day, there are many rituals on this day. Sons and daughters bring different gifs to their fathers. Apart from this a special kind of plant also known as the Kush is worshiping. And then the plant is placing on the temple or the ritual place of the house. The plant believes to guard the house against negative energy. Father’s Day also calls Bau ko Mukh Herne din which means watching the father’s face. People celebrate Father’s Day by putting a tika on the father’s forehead and offering him sweets and gifts.

Teej

Teej is the main festival of Nepali women. This is the historical festival celebrating in honor of the goddess Parvati. In ancient times Goddess Parvati fought with demons and kept fast for the protection of the life of her husband Lord Shiva. that is why Nepali women fast on Teej. They pray for the good health of their family and their husband. Nepali women celebrate Teej for two days. On the first day, they dance and eat different variety of food. According to the tradition of Teej, married women go to their mother’s house and enjoy dancing. At the midnight of this day women prepare a special kind of food of milk and a different ingredient called “Dar”.

The first day of the Teej also calls as Dar khane din. On the second day, women take bath and wear clean clothes and visit the Shiva temple. Women generally wear red clothes during Teej. After returning from the temple, women sing and dance for the entire day, and at midnight women break their fast. Devotee mostly visits Pashupatinath during Teej. Unmarried women also fast on Teej for getting a husband like lord shiva.

Dashain festival

Dashain

We all know that Dashain is the main festival of Hindu people. As the majority of people in Nepal are Hindu, the people of Nepal celebrate Dashain as the main festival. This is the longest festival celebrates in Nepal as Dashain lasts for 15 days. Each day of Dashain has its importance and story. Ghatasthapana is the first day of Dashain. On this day people harvest a special plant name “Jamara”.

On the first nine-day of nine different forms of goddess Durga which she kills the demon Mahisasur also worship. People clean their houses on Dashain. Dashain especially falls on the month of Kartik. Another interesting ritual about Dashain is on the eighth- and ninth-day people worship their vehicles like cars, bike, cycle, etc. on the tenth day of Dashain people put tika and Jamara from their elders. Elders tend to give blessings and money to the younger. People play cards, games, and swing on Dashain.

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Tihar

Tihar is the festival of lights and color which comes after Dashain. It is celebrating for 5 days. In these five days, people worship different animals and the goddess Laxmi who is the god of wealth. People celebrate Tihar in Nepal with great enthusiasm. They clean their house and wash everything in the house. People in Nepal believe that, if they keep their house clean then goddess Laxmi will reside in their house. Kojagrat Purnima is the first day of Dashain where birds especially Crow are worship.

And on the second day Dogs are worshiping. similarly on the third- and fourth day cows are worshiping. The famous thing about Tihar is playing Deusi and Bhailo. Especially children go to their neighbor house to sing and dance and collect money. The fifth day of Tihar calls Bhai tika. On this day brothers and sister put tika on each other faces. The tika is generally long with seven colors. Sisters give clothes and fruits to their brother as a gift whereas brothers give money to their children. Entire Nepal delights with lights and flowers. In addition to this people also burn fireballs and enjoy.

Christmas Festivals in Nepal

Christmas is the main festival of Christian people. Though the number of Christian people in Nepal is slightly less all people celebrate Christmas with the same amount of excitement. You can visit different churches during Christmas. This is the day when the founder of the Christian religion Jesus Christ was born. People celebrate Christmas in Nepal by gathering with family and visiting churches. Children are most excited on the occasion of charismas as they will get many presents during Christmas. Public holidays also give on the occasion of Christmas.

Conclusion

Festivals in Nepal are the most exciting part of our lives which increase the cultural and individual relations of the people. They bring us today with our region and our family. Festival is enjoyable only if it celebrates in an enjoyable way. Nowadays people take festivals as the occasion of drinking and spending money. People spend lots of money during the festival, the tradition of showing and spending money has taken place. Because of this festival comes harshly on the people with the low economical condition.

People should celebrate these festivals in Nepal with harmony and peace. One should always respect and enjoy the festival of other religions. People should understand the deep thought and reasons for celebrating the festival. In addition to this, scarifying animals are also the negative rituals of the festival. Peoples should stop scarifying innocent animals as the rituals of celebrating festivals. Festival time in Nepal is very special, as the entire country decorates with lights and flowers.

How to prepare for Nepal trekking, tips and advices

Nepal is a privilege with uncountable Himalayan ranges, sparkling villages, beautiful temples, and many more. Not only has this, but Nepal alone also possessed 8 mountains out of the top 10 mountains in the world. We are discussing here Nepal trek preparation and how to success the trip easily.

The name that comes immediately with Nepals mountain.  Mount of Nepal is famous all over the world. People from all over the world dreams of visiting this country. They wish to lie in the lap of the world’s tallest mountain. As a result of which, Nepal trekking one of the popular trekking destinations in the eye of travelers.  Trek to Nepal always stands at the top position of the wish list of travelers.

Trekking in Annapuran and Everest are the most popular trekking destination is accessible to all people around the world. However, you need proper training and good physical fitness to accomplish this trek. Clearly speaking this trek is not for any novice trekkers. You should have enough preparation before heading to the trekking.  Therefore, this article will help you to accomplish your dream journey with proper preparation.

 

Nepal trekking is a challenging and equally thrilling trekking destination. For a non-technical trekking person, it may be really arduous and challenging. Saying that doesn’t mean this trek is impossible for those people. With the proper experience and full knowledge about how to train for the trek, this trek is definitely possible. The level of difficulty of this trek involves the number of people traveling, different age groups, time of travel, and the service provider.

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How to Prepare for Your First Trek   

A challenging trek will require a great deal of strength, perseverance, and determination. To successfully finish a tough trail, you will need to be both mentally and physically strong. To ensure you are exactly that, read the following tips on how to prepare for your first trek.  

Caption: Nepal is mainly located in the Himalayas, so it is an ideal destination for adventure seekers.

Reduce Your Stress Levels 

It is easy to feel more than a little stressed at the prospect of an upcoming trek. In addition to leaving behind your responsibilities at home or work, you must ensure you have packed the right gear for your adventure. What’s more, you’ll have to live a rather basic life on your travels while focusing on remaining both safe and healthy. It is, therefore, imperative to find ways to reduce your stress levels prior to a trek, which will ensure you adopt the right mindset when heading off on a trail. For this reason, you must mentally and physically prepare for a journey by looking for ways to unwind.    

For example, you should relax in a hot bubble bath with a good book, which is a home comfort you could miss along the route. You could also use your free time to tune into your favorite sports while you can, especially as you might have limited access to a TV or game news when tackling a challenging hike. For instance, you can distract your mind by placing a wager on an upcoming sporting event, such as the Grand National, Wimbledon, or Euro 2020.    

Alternatively, you could relax in your comfortable bed by watching a Netflix series or YouTube videos on your smartphone. You’ll feel a million miles away from these creature comforts when you’re hiking the Himalayas, traveling through Nepal or tackling the Inca Trail.  

Nepal trekking

Caption: It is essential to be both mentally and physically strong prior to a trek. 

Mentally Prepare for Basic Living Conditions 

Comfortable beds, hot showers, and running water might be hard to come by on your trail. To avoid a culture shock, you would be smart to familiarise yourself with the basic living conditions you can expect during a trek, which could help you to mentally prepare for an adventure. It might also help to push through a challenge by taking a few home comforts with you, such as your favorite snacks. 

Enjoy a Healthy Diet is the best tips for how to prepare for your first trek.  

The last thing you will want is to feel unwell during a trek, which could prevent you from completing a trail and ticking the challenge off your bucket list. To prevent illness, you must enjoy a healthy diet prior to trekking, which will ensure you are fit and well from day one of your adventure. You also can prevent sickness and muscle aches during a trek by drinking bottled or boiled water, regularly using a hand sanitizer, and monitoring your posture.  

So, if you want to feel both physically and mentally ready for an upcoming trek, you’d be wise to follow the above tips for how to prepare for your first trek.  

 

Training needed for Nepal trek preparation

Most importantly, training in trekking comprises physical fitness training, aerobic training, strength endurance training, etc. Aerobic training will help to adjust your body to less oxygen. Those who cannot cope with less oxygen must adopt this training and prepare well. Furthermore, physical fitness training comes under Strength endurance training. Another important training is Elevation training. This training helps to strengthen your muscles for better handling of elevation gain.

 

Below are some of the points with a detailed description related to how to train for Everest’s three pass trek?

 

  1. Enough Acclimatization

The very crucial factor for accomplishing a high pass trek includes a maximum of acclimatization.

You should include enough acclimatization on your itinerary for your Nepal trek preparation. The proper acclimatization of 2 nights is recommended below 3500m height. The Namche Bazaar the gateway to Mount Everest. Manang village gateway of Annapurna circuit treks is lies at the height of 35,00m/ 11,500 ft. Doing this would provide you enough time to adjust to the less oxygen elevation. Your journey would only be possible if your pace is slow. Furthermore, walking slowly will give you more time to spend with nature and observe it.

Interestingly, the additional time provided for you in acclimatization helps you to produce more red blood cells. The more red blood cells would assist in carrying more oxygen. Thus you can move safely to the lower elevations.

Lesser acclimatization may lead to altitude sickness problems. It is actually critical to acclimatize to the higher region. Thus the upwards journey would be extremely tough without proper acclimatization. High pass altitude sickness would surely grab you with having a lesser acclimation period.

 

  1. Specific Training to take

The very specific training you need to accomplish this for any trek is physical.

Walking continuously 6/7 hrs. per day is not a joke. Anyone must be physically fit and have enough strength to walk. I repeat this is not any kind of marathon competition.

In fact, hiking up and down on the random trail would be your task. You know what the more challenging task is walking up by carrying the weight of a 6kg backpack on your back.

Isn’t it scary? That is why your Nepal trek preparation is only suggested for those with good physical health and strength. Some days may be even longer than others.

 

Interestingly, your stamina training and leg strength are more valuable factors. In addition to this cardio training is another important training to be taken. You should be good enough to carry maximum weight. Thus, training at least 4 to 5 times a week is mandatory. You can also head on a short hike around Kathmandu valley or any other place. Doing this can be one measure of training.

 

  1. Aerobic Training

Aerobic Training which is also known as cardio training is also important for preparing yourself for a strong person. Nevertheless, this training is regarded as horrible. The literal meaning of Aerobic is “requiring free oxygen”. Aerobic training is the method in which the bodies will be prepared for producing oxygen. In the time of energy demand, the body will produce extra energy. Thus, it acts as an energy storage procedure. Avoiding breathless problems is the main objective of conducting Aerobic training.

Any normal person may not know the fact that the trek is at a very high altitude. Due to which the amount of oxygen is less there. Taking this exercise will help you to cope with less oxygen. It will prepare you for the cardiovascular system to deal with less oxygen area for a long period of time. Thus doing so would make your trip more pleasant. Long-distance jogging, swimming, walking, cycling, and skipping, etc are some of the great aerobic exercises for Nepal trek preparation.

To summarize, you should have at least 3-6 months of Everest Base Camp trek training plan. Running at least 6-12 km, three times a week would be the best option.

 

  1. Strength Training

Train yourself to become Strength is another category of exercise, Everest high pass trek preparation plan includes.

Strength and positivity are equally important for trek preparation. However, increasing the strength of your muscles, particularly of the leg, will make you stress-free as well as make you strong enough to accomplish the journey. Hence, you can later enjoy your trip to the fullest. Trekking at least 5 hours a day requires lots of physical stamina and strength. Squats, Lunges, Mountain Climbing, Step aerobics, Front and reverse and leg curls, etc are the type of strengthening you should do.

Most importantly, while doing these exercises you must consult a trainer or experts so that you can adopt the correct technique. Proper exercise would make you stress-free and happy. As a result, increasing the energy level. Doing the exercise in the wrong way would harm you instead of increasing strength.

Along with leg training, your upper body should also be strong enough to carry a heavy backpack.

You should do the following exercise to strengthen your upper body and core for your Nepal trek preparation :

  • Sit-ups
  • Planks
  • Mountain Climbing
  • Shoulder press
  • Back and shoulder flyes

 

Mental preparation

Nepal trekking is not only about physical strength. It is also about mental preparation. There are many challenges that you might face on the trail whether it is about cold weather, broken gear, and erupt. For tackling those problems you will have to have mental preparation. Your body might not face many problems. Doing yoga, physical exercise can help to make your mind calm for Nepal trek preparation.
You can take as much information as you can about any trek on various websites, online magazines, etc. Learn about the trails, and most importantly be alert about the unplanned things that may happen. It is very important both physically and mentally. So, prepare yourself with a positive mindset along with a healthy physical condition. This will make sure that you are ready to experience all the wonders of trekking in Nepal.

Prepare for cold and wet weather

Trekking in Nepal is one of the eminent places to visit in Nepal. the Himalayas falls in the Himalayan place so the cold weather is obvious. It falls on the moderate level trek. You will have to walk for about 6-7 hours a day. The air gradually gets thinner when you go higher. Since you will have to walk uphill to a higher altitude, the air on the high passes reaches thin and you would experience the coldest climate. Along with oxygen, the weather is unpredictable. You will have to prepare for the cold weather in such a region.

Tips for preparation

One of the important things that you will have to do drink lots of water, you may not find pure water everywhere so you should carry some filtering pills with you to keep dehydration away. Always avoid hard drinks such as alcohol and caffeine while trekking to high altitude places. Do not haste the trek, take your speed your body might need some time to adjust to that environment. While packing pack a lot of layer clothes and a pair of trekking boots to makes it comfortable to trek. Don’t hesitate to tell your group members if you are having any problems and difficulties. Get as much information about the trek as possible. Be aware of the weather condition, sometimes the temperature may fall very low in the trek region.

 

Additional tips for training  for trekking

  1. About Elevation

You should all know about the sorts of elevation you can cover in your journey. So that you can train enough for that level of elevation. Another best part is, pre mindset about anything would make you easy to cope with.

 

  1. Adopt the right training plan

Undoubtedly, various training is a vital part of the Everest three pass trek. Doing training in the right way is only considered reliable and helpful. Hence, make a proper training plan, follow it strictly as mentioned by your mentor. Allocate at least 3 to 6 months for proper training before heading to the mountain climb. Walking, cycling, swimming up to 15 km is highly recommended for the Nepal trek preparation. The right training plan is directly associated with the level of elevation you are gaining. No worry, our staff members are well experienced in providing such type of training. They have climbed many times.

 

  1. Right clothing

As we all know Everest three pass trekking is a challenging task and needs a long time duration to complete the journey. It can only be achieved if all the right gears are with you, along with proper training. Right clothing contributes to making the journey easy and comfortable. Right sleeping bag, merino layers, trekking boots are essential gear that comes under clothing. Enough acclimatization and a longer sleeping hour are what are most needed in the middle of your journey. The right clothing will make you comfortable and invigorate energy.

 

  1. Well Hydration

Drinking enough water and keeping well hydrated is another wise thing to do. Drink at least 4 to 5 liters of water per day your trekking day. Keep well-hydrated before the climb. Hydration is extremely critical in the area of a low oxygen environment.

Besides being hydrated, you should stay out of the sun. Use a sun hat, to avoid sun burning. Dring 1 liter of water early morning and 2 liters before lunch. this is the best way for how to train for the Everest high pass trek.

  1. The pace of your walk

The pace of your walk determines how easily you complete your trip. You can always walk slow, Walking at the correct pace is another challenging task. The right pace of walking ensures energy saving and making your journey fruitful. Your aim of climbing mountains depends upon these factors. Descending the trail is much harder than climbing up. Thus you need actual training on how to walk.

Your walking pace will directly affect the heartbeat. As the high altitude consists of less oxygen amount which is below 50%.

High altitude sickness may easily attack you with a fast running pace.

Hence, acclimatize slowly, minimize your damage to your muscles to keep you healthy and strong.

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Final Thoughts on How to train for Nepal trekking

As a clear conclusion, the Nepal trek can be easily accomplished with the proper above-mentioned training. Otherwise, it may be difficult and challenging for non-technical people. Picturing this trek like any kind of marathon would not help to complete this journey. People with different age bar is restricted for this trek. Such as children under age 15 cannot go there. Similarly, people of higher age groups above 55 cannot go there.

Accepting the fact, this trek is real tough. But with the combination of the right positive attitude, enough preparation, a well-experienced travel team, the right pace, this trek is always possible. You should not oppose yourself from getting physically and mentally ready for this. Also, you don’t need to be a marathon expert or any top-grade athlete for the trek. Good practice and proper preparation are all that this trek needs to make it successful.

 

 

 

Holi The Festival of Colour in Nepal

Holi Festival Nepal

As we all know that being a secular state there are many festivals are celebrating in Nepal. Among all these festivals one of the most exciting and enjoyable festivals is Holi. Holi: The Festival of Colour in Nepal is also knowing as faun Purnima in Nepal. Falgun means colour in the Nepali language and Holi is the festival of colour. The excitement of celebrating this festival increases as it falls during the beautiful season of Spring. Hoi always falls on the full moon day at the end of the month Falgun. On the English calendar, Holi is celebrating during the month of mid-February.

Holi is celebrating by rubbing colour powder on one’s face. People celebrate this festival by spraying water. The festival Holi is celebrating all over Nepal and India. Hoi is celebrating in the Terai region after a day which celebrates in the hilly and Himalayan region. This festival celebrates as the death of Holika, on full moon night before Ranwali Holi. On the night before Holi dung cakes and wood are burned and people offer prayer a wish of health. This festival holds great religious significance in the Hindu Veda scriptures. It says that on this day the Lord Vishnu burn the evil goddess Holika. So, Holi festival in the joy of the death of evil.

On the day of Holi, the colours run riot and people get together in public places and chase one other with colours and water. Holi is a unique festival and nowadays Holi is celebrating all over the world. People mostly children love to play Festival Holi. People make their faces colourful sing and dance in this festival.

 

How is Holi celebrated in Nepal?

Holi is one of the main festivals that is enjoying in Nepal. This festival is enjoying with great joy and happiness over Nepal and many parts of India. As Holi is all about celebrating and enjoying the colours. During this festival, people splash water on each other and exchange colour. Holi is mainly famous and is celebrated by children. Throughout this day people sing and dance smirk colour among the family members, friends, and relatives.

Now a day’s people tend to wear a white t-shirt or Happy Holi printed t-shirt. The reason behind wearing white during this festival is that colour while plying can be seen. The main colours that are used during Holi are blue, green, and red.

Nepal holi festival

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

People also make different types of paintings on their faces. People also say that using different colours during Holi will get a chance to live a year full of happiness and joy. The clothes using while playing the holi they are keeping for a year. which is for hahat people wear during Holi are also p happiness and memory alive throughout the year. In many cities of Nepal, the blacktopped road is seen colourful by playing Holi. Pihckari is famous too used by hidden during hoi. They fill up the colourful water in the Pihckari and splash them to other peoples.

Water balloons are the most important thing during this festival. Nepal government also gives public holiday on the occasion of Holi so, the shop and office are also closed. The entire country is decorated in different colours. Another important thing about Holi is Bhang. Bhang is a special drink, which is mainly consumed during Holi and Shivaratri festival.

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Nepal Holi Festival

The tradition of celebrating this festival has been for a very long time. Holi is celebrated traditionally in the major cities of Nepal. In Basantapur Durbar square of Kathmandu, hoi is celebrated by erecting a long bamboo stick which is called lingo, which is covered with pieces of many colours in a different cloth. In the Holi eve the lingo is bought down and the cloth.

It is also said that the festival of colour has been known and celebrated since the 4th century. Festival Holi is all about enjoyment and celebrations. Gujiya is a famous dish which is cooked during Holi. People smirk one another with colours, water and celebrate by eating and dancing together. The celebration of Holi begins a couple of days before the actual festivals.

Holi is the combination of colours, water, music with your close once. smirking colour answers to one another are considered as an act of love. After smirking at colours and people visit the houses of their relatives and enjoy. Thus, this day is celebrated by singing, dancing, and playing with colours. Generally, Holi is celebrated in different places at different times, so the date of celebration of Holi differs from place to place. Traditionally the Pihckari was used to make out of bamboo but nowadays there are different designs of Pihckari.   Children use Pihckari to play with the water whereas adult people use water balloons.

Different Colour powder and water are mixed and splashed to one another. Holi is one of those festivals where one another forgets their fights and celebrate without with joy. It does not matter if you know the person or don’t know they will play Holi with you. Mainly foreigners enjoy this festival more.

 

Significance of Celebrating Holi

Being a colourful and joyful festival Holi also holds various aspects of significance in our lives. Though some of the significance might not be apparent and very much related to our lives here you are going to know about the various significance of Holi in our life.  Knowing all these significances about Holi you must heartily enjoy and cherish this festival.   If you are in Nepal during this exciting festival then please don’t hold yourself back, enjoy this exciting festival and without any hesitation. Holi is all about enjoying even with the person you do not know. This is an opportunity to be close with the local people of Nepal.

People also fill water in the plastic and play Holi with it. The plastic bag local which Usually, kids start playing Holi with the balloons and Lola. Before one week of the main day, they start playing. At the time of the night on Holi, people collect woods and burn the fire and also play music and dance. People drink bhang and go crazy. People are believing burning fires on this day will keep them and their families away from the evil powers. The burning fire also indicates the death of the evil goddess Holika. This tradition is also called Holika Dahan.

 

Mythological significance

There is an important sign of Holi as it is celebrating the great story of our legend and religion. It is said that once there was an imp and mighty king in a state. his name was king Hiranya Kashyap who was known for his authoritative and controlling behavior. He wanted himself to be called a god and wanted all people to call him and worship him as a god, but he was very furious.

On the other hand, he had a son named Prahlad he was just the opposite of this father. As Prahlad started growing, he began to worship Lord Vishnu. Seeing his son worship Vishnu, Hiranya Kashyap tried many ways to make his son stop worshipping Vishnu but Prahlad didn’t agree with this father. So Hiranya Kashyap was very furious, so he asked his sister asked, Holika to help him get rid of his son. His sister Holika, who was unburnt by the fire, took Prahlad in her lap and sat on the blazing fire. According to some legends, Prahlad was saved by that fire because of his extreme devotion toward the Lord Vishnu.

On the other hand, Holika who was known as the unburnt, because of her sins she was burned by the fire.  Thus, as the tradition of burning the evil Holika, Holi is celebrating.

Holi includes God with Radha and Krishna

Another legendary story of celebrating Holi includes the great god Radha and Krishna. This story describes as a prank lord Krishna applied colour and water to Radha and another Gopi’s. Later on, this prank of Krishna became a tradition and everyone started celebrating Holi as a festival.

There is one more mythology of celebrating Holi which includes lord, Krishna. Once when Krishna was an infant child Ogress Pootana was a devil. That devil tried to kill Krishna by feeding him poisonously. Later on, Ogress Pootana was killed and as a celebration of his death, Holi is celebrated. In addition to this, another significance also says that Lord Krishna drank the poison but it didn’t affect him. But because of this poison Lord Krishna is said to have a blue body.

Another popular story behind the celebration of Holi is that the legend Ogress Dhundi used to trouble and scared off children of the Raghu kingdom. Later Ogress Dhundi was pranked and chased away from the children on the special occasion of Holi. Because of this story, children play and also prank each other on this day.

 

Cultural significance

All the legendary and most believed story behind the celebration of Holi is to reassure the people of the power of truth and brightness to lies and darkness. The story tells the ultimate win of good over bad. As mention above the story of Hiranya Kashyap and Prahlad also shows that, it doesn’t matter who you are or what power you have at the last god will always take his true devotee and believer in his shelter.  These stories will help people to believe and follow god’s conduct and the path that God has set us in. it also teaches us to be loyal and truthful to all.  Since now a day many people don’t believe in truth or god.

Holi is a festival to remind people about the importance of truth in this world.  Holi teaches people to be honest and truthful about everything. also, Holi is celebrated at the time when the fields are fully blooming and people are harvesting. the good harvest gives people hap [pines and reason to celebrate Holi. It is also Witten in the holy book of Hindus that all the festivals are celebrated to remember the power of truth and loyalty to all.

Another reason why Holi is celebrated is more believed by the people and is extremely popular in India. Holi is taken as the occasion of celebrating the sacrifice of Kamadeva who is called lord of passion. Lord Kamadeva risked his life to revive lord shiva from his mediation. After lord shiva woke up from his meditation then he killed all the devil and shave the world from many evil powers.

 

Social Significance 

In today’s generation, people don’t have time for celebration or communication with each other. For this problem, Holi is a solution that brings society together and strengthens the trust and relation of the people. for the people with busy live Holi is a chance to spend some quality time enjoy with family and friends. Because of these reasons people from other religions like Islam, Christian, Shik everybody come together and celebrate Holi. Holi is the only festival where your religion doesn’t matter to celebrate.

Holi is such a festival where you can enjoy with your enemy and friend forgetting all your grudges. This is the festival where your enemy will turn into your friend. While playing hole it does matter where you belong form or if you are rich or poor if the colour is applied to your face then everyone is the same. This festival will increase brotherhood and strengthen your social relationship. On the religious occasion of Holika Dahan people also do many social works like feeding poor people and animals.

People also organize many awareness programs regarding the importance of education, environmental protection, and the end of many social problems.

 

Biological Significance 

Celebrating festivals is significant for our lives and in many other ways other than just providing fun or excitement in our lives. we must be thankful to our ancient human generation who stated the beautiful trend of celebrating Holi at the beautiful time of the year possible. In today’s busy life holing has become an opportunity to celebrate and have fun. Holi falls during the month of Falun which is the start of the spring season in Nepal. Spring is the time when nature and the environment change their dress and become very refreshing.

The weather and climatic condition during this month are perfect for the celebration of Holi. To celebrate the change of season people, sing, dance and enjoy the color. This will also help to energize and refresh your lives.

On the other hand, while celebrating Holi nowadays because of these fake and chemical mixed colours may cause rashes in your bodies. Biologists have also stated that the colour can enter your body through your body pores and may cause some sink related damage. In addition to this, using the Holi colour on your face will result in pimples all over. If the colour that you are using is fake then if, make a stain on your face or your body for several days. So, you should be more careful while playing Holi.

Scientific reason to celebrate

There is also a scientific reason for celebrating Holi, the scientific reason is related to the tradition of Holika Dahan. Holi falls during the mutation period of the winter and summer seasons. because of this bacteria grows in your body and the environment. So, when Holika was burned the temperature rises to 145-degree F. so following this tradition while celebrating Holi the heat of the bonfire also kills bacteria in your body as well as in the environment.

Now a day’s people from different parts of Nepal, celebrate this festival by promoting good health and doing good deeds. After Holika was burned in the fire, later people collected the ash where Holika was burned and mix Chandan with the ash and put it on their forehead. They also mix Chandan with the leaves of flowers and mango tree and drink it. People believe that Consuming that paste will cure you of different diseases.

In many parts of the country, people believed that playing with colours will help to promote good health but the doctors and scientists strongly denied thy says playing with the colours will result in different diseases in your body. People clean their house and take bath and celebrate this festival.

 

Why Holi is celebrating?

Among many significances of celebrating Holi, it is also believed to keep general people safe from the diseases that might transfer while with the change of the season from winter to spring. In the traditional time while making colour for celebrating Holi people used an extract from different flowers. They used to mix those colours to generate new colours. The original colours include Turmeric, Mehndi, Kumkum, etc. these colours are also used as medicine to cure different diseases like high fever, skin diseases, and these ingredients are also very good for your skin. But nowadays you can find many synthetic colours in the market these colours are considered to be very harmful to the skin and your health.

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Celebration of Holi in modern ways.

One of the reasons for celebrating Holi is the indication that spring has arrived. the colours used while celebrating Holi denotes the various variation of the spring season. in the traditional days, people used to make the colours by different natural means. They are getting to extract many colours from different flowers.  So the color use while celebrating Holi is completely natural.  But nowadays the colours are mixing with many chemicals. These artificial colours are very harmful to people and especially animals. So, because of this, the importance of the celebration of Holi has become quite less than before.

Traditionally people used to drink bhang and alcohol as a means of celebrating festivals but drinking Bhaang in Holi has become an undesirable practice. Especially adult people create different problems by cons8uming alcohol and Bhaang. Because of this problem, the spirit and reasons for celebrating the festival have been very less. Celebrating Holi in modern ways also creates unnecessary environmental pollutions. So, people should be conscious while playing Holi and celebrate this festival with non-hazardous and eco-friendly manners. You should also consider the animals using artificial colours.

 

Preparation for celebrating Holi

Holi is the festival of enjoyment with the colours. The entire country looks like a garden full of colourful flowers while celebrating this colourful festival.

Since there is a public holiday on this day shops and offices are closed so, you can celebrate Holi without any tension. People hold different parties, programs, and concerts on the occasion of this joyous festival. As preparation for Holi, people bring lots of beers and different colours. Pihckari is made in different styles of plastics. Parents during different styles of Pihckari and balloons. Women of the house start many kinds of different dishes for Holi. They make varieties of sweets, mathri, papri, and Gujiya for the family and relatives.  They also make many types of drinks.

Background of Holi, Nepal Water Festival

The origin of the Holi Festival is often traced back to the “Mahabharata”, an Indian famous epic. consistent with the legend, King Hiranyakashipu was so arrogant and didn’t allow people to worship Lord Vishnu. However, Prince Prahlada was a fanatical devotee of Vishnu and openly opposed his father. This enraged Hiranyakashipu. Since then, the king ordered his sister Holika to burn the prince on the complete moon night. From getting the blessing of God Vishnu, Prahlada was unscathed while Holika was burned into ashes. When the prince walked out of the hearth, people sprinkled him with colorful water to precise the praise of goodness and hatred of evil.

Traditions of Nepal Holi Festival

Different from Indian Holi rituals, Holi Festival in Nepal features a special ceremony for erecting a wood pole. On today, Nepali women dress in beautiful Sari with auspicious things in hand, then revolve around the pole to wish for blessings. Durbar Square and therefore the surrounding streets become a sea of waters, colors, and music. and you will have the prospect to ascertain the foremost prestigious singers working on the stage. On the eighth day, the festival involves an end with a Holi bonfire.

 Holi: The Season of Bloom

Everyone gets excited about the season of Holi.  Traditionally Holi was celebrating as spring has come. Holi is also the best festival of the Spring season of Nepal. the spring season is the best reason, especially for the farmers. Since spring starts after the end of the winter season so, the environment also gets very exciting. Forest comes with red rhododendron all over and the weather condition also remains very fine during this season.  framers celebrate Holi as their harvested plants start to grow. Nature also wears its finest and new clothes during the spring season.

 

Season of colour

People celebrate this festival with great exhilaration and excitement. At the time of the Holi, the roads are also quite empty because of the holiday so you can enjoy and walk anywhere around the street. The most important colour during this day is pink which name is gulal in Nepali. People also throw a bucket of water at each other. Thus, Holi is a colourful festival and is playing around entire Nepal with full joy and enjoyment. This festival is celebrating to enjoy the win of brightness over darkness.

 

Holi Festival Nepal 2021

In ancient times Holi used to be celebrated for a week. In some villages, Holi is still celebrating for a week but in the major cities of Nepal like Kathmandu, it celebrates for a day. You should also be a part of Holi. You can do a water balloon fight and colour smirking. It is also a chance to be close to the culture and tradition of Nepal. Adult people celebrate Holi to remember the days of their childhood. During this festival, people do not care about their appearance and cleanliness.

You can go crazy during this festival. Since2021 is the time where the pandemic becomes a little less dangerous in Nepal so you can celebrate Holi but remember to follow the safety rules set by the government. For instance, you can go to a different concert and Holi program organize Kathmandu and other public places. Basantapur Durbar Square is the main place where the Holi festival is celebrateing with great enthusiasm and excitement. although the lockdown has ended the virus is still there so to prevent this virus you should not gather more people in the name of the festival.

You must follow all the safety precautions and celebrate Holi with a lesser number of people as possible. Since the festival is the reason which makes your life more exciting so you should enjoy this beautiful festival of colour. as per the lunar calendar, Holi always falls on different dates. Holi Festival Nepal 2021 falls on March 28 and March 29.

 

Some tips you need to know for celebrating Holi

  • Since the synthetic colours are harmful to your face and your body so to keep your body safe from the chemical reaction, before playing Holi massage your body with coconut oil, including your hair and face. Make sure that you massage for about 10 minutes.
  • To prevent the global coronavirus this year, keep your body safe and hand sanitizes. Also do not walk here and there unnecessarily and play Holi with the lesser amount of people as possible.
  • Since the colours can make your nail dirty, it is better to wear darker shades of nail polish as it will be your nail clear.
  • Before going out to play Holi you will have to remove and change all your ornaments like gold and silver as they might damage with the colours permanently.
  • Holi is a raw festival; you should not wear any type of makeup except body moisturize because while playing Holi there will be a chemical reaction between your make-up and the colour which may lead to several skin-related problems.
  • Your hair can get damage while playing Holi as the dry colours will make your hair drier.  So it is always s better to tie your hair up in any kind of pun or plait which will enable the colour to reach your scalp or hair roots.

 

Tips to consider while playing Holi

  • The quality of colour is very important for playing Holi these days, s, if possible, avoid the use of synthetic colours as they can cause skin irritation and other kind problems.
  • Do not go crazy while playing Holi, remember to play it slowly as the more colour you play with it will be harder to scrub or wash it off.
  • As there is the saying what you sow shall you reap, you should play Holi in a proper manner. If you misbehave with the people while playing Holi then you might get into serious problems so be careful and enjoy it like a festival.

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Tips for after playing Holi 

  • When you finish playing Holi remember, before going to the shower once again apply coconut oil in your body where there is colour. this will help to get rid of the colour stain quickly.
  • The colour may enter your ever for any reason, in that case, dip cotton buds in Luke warm water and apply it to your eyes or ears from outside. This will clean the colour from inside eyes and ears.
  • At the end of the day if you have Bhaang or alcohol then, make yourself some nice lemon juice and have it. And you can also use the left-over lemons to scrub your palms and heels as this will make it softer.

 

Interesting facts about Holi 

  • The word Holi is describing in the legendary story of Prahalad. According to this story Holi derived from the name Holika as it is the celebration of her death.
  • Holi is also the national festival of many parts of Nepal and India. Although Holi is a Hindu festival it also considers as the secular festival as people of all the religion celebrate Holi. Despite the difference in the case, religion and nationality all people celebrate Holi by apply color to each other’s faces.
  • On Holi eve a born is light in every corner of the country and people offer religious prayer to that fir asking for forgiveness and wipe out the evilness from the society.
  • Earlier Bhaang juice makes during Holi to increase the spirit of the people for celebrating Holi. Thi makes forget all kinds of restriction and enmity among each other.
  • Traditionally Holi celebrates in Nepal and India only but nowadays Holi has been celebrating in many nations of the world like Barcelona, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and America. Thus, Holi has been evolving and spreading among the various nation of the world.
  • Holi is a celebration of good and truth over evil.
  • This also gives the indicator of the change of season. in earlier days people used to know that winter has ended and spring has arrived when they celebrate Holi.
  • Holi is a festival that is celebrated in two days in the major cities of Kathmandu. On the first day preparation of Holi. Later born fire is light to do tractional rituals and the second day of Holi is “Ranwali Holi” is the main day.

 

Bhutan Snowman Trek – When to Travel and more

Bhutan Snowman Trek

Bhutan is an incredible place gifted with great cultural and natural features.  People often say that a thunder dragon protected the country and its people from any trespassers or evil spirits. Bhutan was isolated for generations from the outside world to preserve and protect the culture. But in today’s world Bhutan is the center of attraction for tourist and adventure geeks. Among many famous trekking places in Bhutan Snowman Trek is one of the finest treks where you will witness pristine mountain lakes, imposing glaciers, and some of the world’s most endangered species. Bhutan Snowman trek region is also known as Land of the Thunder Dragon.

This trek is also considered one of the challenging and finest treks in Bhutan. You will get to explore and enjoy the hidden and untouched part of Bhutan along with the great Himalayan range. Bhutan Snowman trek takes 30 -35 days to be completed and the maximum elevation of this trek is 5,050 meters from sea level. Through this trek, you will also get an opportunity to be close to the culture and tradition of the Bhutanese people. The trail to the Bhutan snowman trek goes through the green grassland.

The trail on the way to the snowman trek also goes through many high mountain passes, you will be shocked to see the beautiful mountain range that seems scattered, floating above the clouds like islands of snow.  Combined attributes of distance, going through high altitudes, extreme and unpredictable weather conditions and remoteness makes this trek tough and hard to climb.

Throughout the trek, you will notice tiny Buddhist monasteries and secluded villages all over. Snowman Trek in Bhutan is all about nature, peace, high snow peaks mountains, and welcoming people.

Bhutan snowman trek

Bhutan Snowman Trek Difficulty

Snowman trek is the most difficult and probably the highest trek in Bhutan.  This route is only recommended for trekkers who have experience in trekking different mountains. Snowman trek is also the longest trek, this trek is combined with the two most incredible treks like Chomolhari base camp and Laya Lingshi trek. Walking at such a high altitude might be problematic for many people.  Beginners should not trek snowman trek without proper and complete training. You should also be physically strong for this trek. For increasing your physical strength, you can do exercise daily, yoga, swimming, or gym before 3 months of this trek.

During this trek, you will need to cross 9 passes which are above the altitude of 4500 meters from sea level. Crossing these passes might be very difficult for many trekkers. This trek also goes through the Drukgyel Dzong and Paro were the third highest mountain of Bhutan Jhomolhari which is at an altitude of 7314 meters. Winter in the snowmen trek region is very extreme and difficult to trek. Because of this reason snowman trek is mostly closed during the winter season. Along with this, this trek is not for beginners, you will need to have some trekking techniques and experience before this trek. This trek is not for the solo and family trekkers. There must be 5 people in a group for this trek.  The itinerary of the snowman trek is very long and many people might be fitted to the itinerary.

Snowman trek will refresh your mind and your soul and connect you with the peace of nature.  Bhutan trek is a small world in itself where you can drown without resurrection.

 

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More about Bhutan Snowman trek

Here are some of the things that you might need to know before this trek: –

  • Currency

The currency of Bhutan is called The Bhutanese Ngultrum is commonly known as Nu. The value of Bhutanese currency is equal to the Indian currency. Some of the major currencies of the world like US Dollars, Sterling Pounds and Euros, and even the cheques of the trekkers can change in the airport of Paro and banks or hotels. Bhutanese Ngultrum is a close currency is a closed currency so, his currency can only be exchanged after you arrive.

Although there are different hotels and banks on the trek where you can exchange our currency but we recommend you to take the local currency (Bhutanese Ngultrum) on the trek. Remember that in the shops or hotels in Bhutan cash economy and a credit card are not quite accepted.  If you are carrying a credit or debit card during the trek for an emergency fund then you will have to make sure that your card can be used abroad.

 

2) Trekking Bag Weight

While trekking in foreign countries you will have to know the weight up to which you can carry your luggage. The luggage limit o Bhutan for trekkers and travelers is 15 kgs. This would be more than adequate for the things you will need during the trek. Your trekking bag will be weighed before you leave the country at the airport. If your trekking bag is overweighed then you will have to take out some of the items from the bag. While packing for the snowman trek to Bhutan you will have to put all of your trekking equipment in the trekking bag. You can carry your personal belongings like password, I card visa on your hand carry.

 

3) Bhutanese etiquette

Except for the courtyards, people or trekkers are not allowed to take pictures inside any monastery, temple, or dzong all around the country. While visiting temples or any religious sites in Bhutan walking in the clockwise direction is considered to be the best way.   If you point your fingers at any scared or religious object then it is taken as very disrespectful. For those people who smoke Bhutanese government has imposed a 200% tax at the airport, there will get a permit to smoke. If you smoke without a permit in the public areas or trekking Dzongs and Monastery then you will be taken into custody.

 

4) Food and Drinking water in Bhutan

As Snowman trek in Bhutan is a very long trek so you will have to carry some energy bars also dried fruit and nuts are also considered to be a good source for providing energy to your body. Also, carry energy drink powder and water purifying powder during this trek. You should not worry about the food during this trek as there are plenty of hotels on the way to the snowman trek. Remember to eat healthy and energy giving food brought the entire trek. You should not worry about the drinking water as well because you can buy water anywhere on the trail or drink water at the hotels.

We also suggest you bring re-usable water bottles on the trek to reduce the use of plastic, if you bring a reusable bottle then you can fill and carry the water. Drinking water during the trek helps to hydrate your body and adapt to the weather condition of the snowman trek. Besides the please avoid hard drinks like alcoholic, beverages as they might not be safe to drink in high-altitude places.

chomolhari trek

5) Important information

This trek holds a lot of challenges but once you reach the destination it will worth it. You will be provided with a trekking guide. You will need to have the day to day update of the weather and temperature of the snowman trek. Your trek might be delayed due to various reasons so, you should make your trek flexibly. Always carry ash with you as many of the hotels will not take cards.

 

Trekking in Nepal vs trekking in Bhutan

Though snowman trek of Bhutan is very much like trekking in Nepal. The main difference between trekking in Nepal and trekking in Bhutan is that there are very few people trekking in Bhutan. You will not see many other trekkers while trekking in Bhutan but on the other hand while trekking in Nepal you will meet many fellow trekkers on the way. You will also observe that people living on the hills or at the higher latitude places are lower in Bhutan. But here are a higher number of people who reliving in the higher altitude places like the Khumbu region.

Because of his daring the entire trek you will see Jangothang, Lingshi, Goyok, Laya, Woche, Chozo, and Thanza villages. But while trekking in Nepal you will see a village or stay at villages daily. The landscape in Bhutan is a heavier forest than the landscapes in Nepal.

Although animals like deer, blue sheep, Himalayan black bear, snow leopard are found in both countries. Besides all these differences almost all the culture between these countries is same.

 

Itinerary of Bhutan Snowman Trek

 

Day 1: Arrive at Kathmandu airport

After you arrive at the Kathmandu airport out team above the Himalayan will pick you at the airport. You will be escorted to your hotel. If you arrive in Nepal in the daytime then you, we have some time to roam and visit around Kathmandu. At the time of dinner, you will meet with your guide and trekking partners. You will also have a small meeting with our team regarding the trek.

 

Day 2: Flight from Kathmandu to Paro (2280 meter)

You will have a flight from Kathmandu to Paro. Paro is the main point from where you will start your trek to the snowman in Bhutan. While flying from Nepal you will have an exotic aerial view of the mountains like Everest, Lhotse, Makalu, and Kangchenjunga. Observing the beautiful landscape and foothills of Bhutan from the sky you will reach Paro.  You reach Paro you will meet with your Bhutanese guide. You will be escorted to your hotel.

 

Day 3: Hike to Taktsang Monastery (2,000ft/609m)

Taktsang Monastery is also referred to as “Tiger’s nest” this place is one of the most religious places of Bhutan. The significance of the Taksang monastery is that this place is the point where Indian guru Taktsang Padma Sambhava flew from Tibet on the back of a tiger to defeat five demons who were against Buddhism in Bhutan. The trail to this monastery goes through the pine forest. From the top of this monastery, you will have a magnificent view of the mountains and Paro city. Which returning to Paro you will see Kyichu Lakhang which is also a small Buddhist monster. Kyichu Lakhang is one of the oldest Buddhist monasteries in Bhutan.

Tiger's nest Bhutan

Day 4: Drive from Paro to Shana (2860) meter to Shiring Karup (3100m)

Duration: 4 hrs.

You will start your trek after your breakfast. From Paro, you will take a drive to Shana. After driving for about 20 minutes, you will reach Drukyel Dzong where you will have lunch.

You will be continuing your journey, after the drive of 1- 2 hours you will reach Shana.  from ere your actual trek starts, on the way to Shiring Karup you will be passing through the incredible fields of rice, wheat, barley, mustard, potato, and radish as well as herds of cows.  On the trail, you will also get the first view of the mount of Jomolhari (7314m).  After few kilometers of walking, you will reach the remote village of Shiring Karup. Overnight at the camp on Shiring Karup.

Day 5: Trek from Shiring Karup to Soi Thangthanka, 3,586m/11,765ft – (7-8 hours)

After having breakfast, you will be trekking within Jigme Dorje National Park which is probably the largest protected area of Bhutan. The total areal of this national park is 4350 sq. km. you can see isolated farmhouses and plenty of wildlife on the way to Soi Thangthanka. The forest of Soi Thangthanka is filled with oaks, maple, birch, larch pine and alders, and rhododendron. After walking for about 7 -8 hours on the trail you will reach Soi Thangthanka.

 

Day 6: Trek from Thangthanka to Jangothang 4,102m/13,458ft – 5-6 hours

Jogothang is the famous place on the Bhutan snowman trek from where you will get the best view of Bhutan’s second-highest mountain, Chomolhari on the top of the remote valley. From Thangthanka out will have to walk for about an hour, slowly you will be leaving the forest line and climbing up to the lovely village called Tengethang. Here you can observe the remote life of Bhutanese, there is a big school in the middle of the village where you will see children playing.  On walking few kilometers, you will reach the ba8se camp of Mount Chomolhari. Many of the trekkers might suffer from altitude sickness on the base camp. Overnight at the base camp.

 

Day 7: Rest and acclimatization day at Jangothang

Since acclimatization is very important while trekking in a higher altitude place. Here at Jangothang, you will be having a day off. If you want to get the best view of the mountain range you will have to walk for about an hour from Jangothang.  Some of the famous places in jangothang are Tshophu and Nyile La pass.  Today you can observe the local lifestyle of Bhutanese people closely. There also few yak herds on the side of the lake. From here you will have a beautiful back view of Chomolhari and Jitchu Drake.

 

Day 8: Trek from Jangothang to Lingshi, 4,001m/13,126ft, crossing the Nyile La Pass, 4,817m/15,804ft – 6-7 hours

Today you will be walking through some of the places with the exotic view of the stunning Himalaya range like Jitchu Drake, 6,850m/22,470ft, and Tsering Kang, 6,994m/22,946ft. After hiking upward for about 4 hours you will reach Nyile pass at an altitude of 4,817 meters. From there you will have to trek down towards Lingshi where you will get the first view of dzong atop. Dzong atop was damaged badly by t8he earthquake. There might be the repairing work of houses, hunts, and buildings going on. With the fine weather of Bhutan, you will enjoy the walk with the spectacular views of the mountains.  It takes about 4 – 5 hours of walk to reach Nyile la pass from Lingshi. On the way, you will see many yak herders and small stupas throughout the way. Overnight at the camp in Nyile la pass.

Day 9: Trek to Chebisa, 3,870m/12,697ft – 5 hours.

You will be continuing your journey with the amazing view of the mountains and observing the cuter n tradition of the Bhutanese people.  Today you will be heading on the northeastern part toward Lingshi Dzong. The trail includes the high alpine forest filled with rhododendron and pine tree. if you are lucky enough then you might get the glan8ce of the beautiful daphne. Once you reach the Chebisa valley you will be stunned by the picturesque and uniqueness of Chebisa. The houses are made up of stoned and are singled roofs. On the way to Chebisa, you will also be crossing a huge and lovely waterfall.  Overnight at Chebisa.

 

Day 10: Trek to Shomuthang, 4,222m/13,852ft, crossing the Gobu La Pass, 4,349m/14,268ft – 5-6 hours.

From Chebisa our next trekking destination is Shomuthang. The trail to Shomuthang has lots of ups and downs so, it might be very difficult for you to walk.  Gobu La pass is another pass that you have to cross during this trek. Gobu La pass lies at an altitude of 4440 meters. From here you can get the backside view of the beautiful village of Lingshi with the best view of the mountains. The path to Shomuthang goes through the gorgeous valley below Jarela. From here you will have to descent through the forest. If you are tired then after walking for about half an hour from the forest you can camp here.

 

Day 11: Trek to Robulathang, 4,152m/13,662ft, crossing the Jarela Pass, 4,635m/15,207ft – 7-8 hours.

Today will be a long walk so you will have to get up early in the morning. After that, you will be continuing your trekking journey toward Robulathang.  When you start your trek, you will have to trek upward crossing the grassy slopes and windswept hills. After that, you will reach Jare La Pass. You can see Blue sheep and lammergeiers on this pass.  After this, once you reach the gap you will see the mark of flags and cairns from where you will see the valley and Sinche La pass.  The trail further moves toward the forest of rhododendron, spruce, cypress, and brish toward the valley.  After reaching Robulathang valley you will observe the local people wearing distinctive clothes.

 

Day 12 Trek to Limithang,

Total Attitude- 4,118m/13,510ft,

Passing the Shingela La

Total Altitude- 4,912m/16,115ft

Duration 6-7 hours.

Trek to Limithang via shingle la pass on the snowman trek to Bhutan might be the most difficult part of this trek. From the camp, it will take about 4 – 5 hours of ascent to cross Since La pass.  This ascent to Sinche La pass is very hard as the trail is straight upward. If you take a slow and steady pace to be comfortable then it will be more difficult for you. So, we recommend you to walk fast without a pause to this trek. While crossing the Shingela La pass you will see the striking view of Gnagchenta.

While descending the grassy slopes will make it hard to walk.  Moving further to Limithang you will witness the wonderful glacial blue lake and white stream below the exquisite peak “tigers Ears”. Overnight at camp

Chomolhari trek

Day 13: Trek to Laya, 3,812m/12,506ft – 4 hours.

From Limithang your next trekking destination is Laya. Your trek starts with the descend from the Zamdo Nangi Chhu to the Laya village. Laya village is the largest village on this trek. On the way, you will have to pass through the thick forest and the lovely river flowing at the side of the forest. Laya village is the only village on this trek that is well developing and rich in culture and facility both.

You can find all kinds of facilities here like a large school, electricity, a phone signal and is now only a day even the road head at Koina. Vertically striped yak-hair clothing and strange conical bamboo hats are the major thing that s famous in Laya. The interesting fact of Laya is that there are more Tibetan/Mongolian people more than Bhutanese people living here.

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Day 14: Rest day at Laya

Acclimatation is the key to a successful trek. Today you are again acclimating at Laya. You can release all the tiredness and pain from the trek. Hot stone bath is also offered in Laya where you can realize your pain and just relax.  You can spend this day resting and exploring the beautiful village of Laya. You can even communicate with the local people. Walking few meters up from Laya village will provide you the best view of the mountains. Horses are very famous in Laya you can also do horse riding here.  

 

Day 15 Trek to Rodhophu through Taksaka

Altitude- 4,206m/13,800ft

Duration-7-8 hours.

From the Laya village, you will be descending a long way down to the gorge. You will be going through the wooden gateway leaving the 14 Laya village. The wooden gateway is ancient and old lots of cultural beliefs of the people living there.  After walking half an hour from the gateway, you will reach the army post of Takasaka. From here walking for few kilometers, you will be heading east toward Lunana.

Here you will have to climb the forest gradually to an old hut. There are no villages or any kind of human habitat here. You will be gradually climbing up to a higher altitude from here. You will be entering a ringed valley with the Rocky Mountains behind. The trail to Rodhophu has a rocky trail that causes ups and downs. After walking for few minutes, you will see a checkpoint where you will have to show your trekking permit and passwords.

 

Day 16: Cross Tsome La Pass, 4,709m/15,450ft, and trek to below Gangla Karchung La, 4,900m/16,076ft – 5-6 hours

After about 2 – 3 hours of walk through the rocky trail, you will reach Tsome la pass.  Tsome la pass is an extremely beautiful and remote area of Bhutan.  After you cross the pass there is a rolling series of folds around the large mountainside of the trek. On the trail to Gangla Karchung la, you will also get to witness the great mountain range of Gangla Karchung (6395m).

 

Day 17: Cross the Gangla Karchung La, 5,156m/16,916ft, to Tarina, 3,919m/12,857ft – 6-7 hours

Today is probably the great day of this trek as you will be climbing up to the pass from where you will witness the glacial lakes and Kang Bum 7100 meters. The mountain is surrounded by the debris dams at the top of the Lunana. The lakes like snakes twisting down the valley. The trail also goes through the wide forest of red rhododendron with the stunning view of the mountains all over. From the rhododendron forest after walking for a couple of hours you will reach Tarina.

 

Day 18: Trek to camp above Woche, 4,114m/13,599ft – 6 hours

From Tarina, you will have a pleasant walk downwards. The downward valley is surrounded by rock walls and rocky peaks. From here you will observe many exotic glasses of the waterfall from the hill. The valley can be seen very colorful with the flowers and colorful heathers all over. After that again you will be climbing up to reach to first Lunana village of Woche. Woche is very famous for the tea and it has the different varieties best tea in the world. You can enjoy and communicate with the local people of Woche.

 

Day 19: Trek to Lhedi, 3,728m/12,231ft, across the Kashe La Pass, 4,556m/14,947ft – 6-7 hours

The next day you will be trekking further toward Lhedi.  The trail to Lhedi goes by crossing the Kashe La pass.  On the trail, you will observe the sacred lake of the people which is in pea-green color. You will have to respect the culture of the people and throwing stones and garbage is not allowed on that lake.  Continuing your trek, you have to pass Kashe La pass with the magnificent few of the mountains. After that trekking for few hours, you will reach Lhedi.  Lhedi s another beautiful village with the string houses on the terrace high and the river flowing by the side of the villages. The Houses are here are making of rock.

 

Day 20: Trek to Thanza, 4,126m/13,537ft – 4-5 hours.

There are lots of junctions and confusion of the route to Thanza. If you walk continually from Lhedi you will reach Thanza within four hours. On the way, you can stop at Chozo the artic view of the mountains. From Lhedi you will have to follow the river o the junction, then you will be following the route to the upper valley. Once you reach the upper valley then shortly after a few minutes f walk you will reach Chozo. Chozo is also a village of Lunana, and the people of the Chozo valley are more superstitious and believe in the spirits.

From Chozo village you Chozo will have to walk through the plain, gradually you will reach to the higher upper valley which is the big village and divided into two sides of the river.

From here trekking for about an hour you will reach Thanza.

 

Day 21: Rest day in Thanza

Today is the third acclimatization day of this trek. Today you will be resting and exploring the village of Thanza. You will be exploring and communicating with the people of the Thanza village. We will also discover new things about the culture and tradition of the people living in the Thanza village. You can also enjoy wearing the cultural and traditional dress and playing the traditional games of the local people.

 

Day 22: Trek to before Gophu La, stop at Tshorim, 5,225m/17,142ft – 7-8 hours

You will resume your trek by the steady climb from Thanza.  From here you will have to cross the Gophu La pass.  On the way, you will exigence the ups and downs on the rocky trail with minor waterfalls from the hills.  You will also witness a great view of the lake surrounded by the high snow Peaks Mountains.

After you reach Tshorim by crossing Gophu La pass there are two campsites one is before the lake and the other is after the lake. You can choose any campsite and stay overnight.

 

Day 23: Cross the Gophu La with altitude 5,454m/17,894ft, to Geche Woma (4,625m/15,174ft) – 8 hours

This day will be the most beautiful day of this trek. Today you will be having breath-taking views of the mountain’s peaks and the green grassland. In the morning you will observe the striking view of the sunrise from the middle of the mountain peaks.

When you cross the Gophu La you will have a great view of Gangkar Punsum, 7,550m/24,770ft. Geche Woma is the camping place in the valley where you will stay overnight.

 

Day 24: Cross the Saga La pass, 4,930m/16,175ft. Trek to Sachu Kheti, 4,267m/14,000ft – 7-8 hours

The trek continues down to the valley. From the valley, after walking for about 45 minutes you will reach the lunch spot.  You can rest and explore there for some time. Then you will have to cross the Saga La pass and while crossing the pas you will have a dramatic view of the mountains.  From the pass, you will be trekking down on the steep trail slowly and from here you will reach Sachu Kheti.

 

Day 25: Travel unnamed pass (4,520m/14,829ft) & Trek to Demsho Wom (4,520m/14,892ft – 4 hours)

This is one of the fabulous days of the trek. Today you will be going through the farmlands which consist of oddly shaped towers, unusual spires, mushrooms of rock, and great cantilevered flakes. While crossing the unnamed pass you will also get a great view of Saga La Pass. From the pass, you will be walking through the huge valley meanders off to your right with more intriguing peaks and cliffs.

 

Day 26: Trek from Demsho Wom to Tshering Dorji Yak Herder Camp (Meluthang), 4,425m/14,518ft – 6 hours

Today is a great day along with the great challenge of this trek. it takes 45 minutes to reach a large lake from the Demsho Wom. Just below the Demsho La pass, there is a fine-looking valley that consists of two lakes.  This valley lies far from the civilization. Habitat is also very less in this region. You will breathe in the cold and clean air in this region. After crossing the path hiking for about 4 hours you will reach Tshering Dorji Yak Herder Cap.

Day 27: Cross small pass (4,360m/14,340ft), Trek to Padim (4,515m/14,813ft – 5 hours)

This is also one of the important days of this trek you will be crossing many small passes today and final cam at Padim. The route goes through the many lakes on the higher altitude place and eventually climbing up and down from here to the tail which consists of a level grassy platform. Is and eventually believed that there is a path that leads to Gangkar Punsum heading north, but for humans only; it is too difficult for animals, so after a short walk from here you will reach Padim.

 

Day 28: Trek from Padim to Khemi La Khemi La, 4,572m/15,000ft and trek below to Chachi La pass, 3,682m/12,080ft – 6-7 hours

If you get up early in the morning you will get a magnificent view of the sunrise and mountains.

After that, you will continue your trek. Today you will be crossing two paths. First of all, you will be crossing Khemi la Pass, and the after you will be moving down and cross Chachi La pass.

 

Day 29: Trek from Chachi La pass 4,638m/15,216ft to Maurothang, 3,682m/12,080ft – 6-7 hours

We have nearly come to the end of this trek. Today we will be crossing Chachi La pass and trekking down to the Maurothang. On the trail, you will observe beautiful and clear views of the mountain’s peaks. Walking through the sloop and grassy trail finally you will reach Maurothang.

Snowman trek Bhutan

Day 30: Trek to Sephu, 2,672m/8,766ft – 5-6 hours. Drive to Paro

This will be the last day of your snowman trek to Bhutan. It takes 4 hours to trek back to Sephu. From Sephu you will drive Paro via Punakha. On the way, you can see the oldest monastery in Punakha.  After you arrive at Paro we will go to the hotel and have a rest.

Day 31: Flight from Paro to Kathmandu and final departure

This is your last day Bhutan. If your flight is in the evening then you can roam near Paro. After that, you will catch your flight to Kathmandu. From Kathmandu airport, you will have your final departure.  Happy trekking!!!!

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Frequently asked questions on the Bhutan Snowman Trek

 

  1. When is the best time to trek Bhutan snowman trek?

Since the Bhutan snowman trek is not possible during winter due to extreme cold weather. But there are two main seasons for trekking to Bhutan snowman trek spring and autumn season. The spring season falls starts in March and carries on to the end of May and the Autumn season starts from mid-September to the end of November. Weather and temperature remain best for trekking during these times of the year. The trekking trail to snowman trek goes with blooming rhododendron and pine trees all over. Precipitation is also very less during the autumn and spring season.

 

  1. What happens if I get sick during this trek?

It is common to get sick while traveling to a different country. Your body might not adapt to the weather or atmosphere of a new place. When it comes to trekking in a higher altitude place like snowman trek in Bhutan then the chance of getting sick is even more. However, our team of above the Himalayan, we allow sufficient time for trekkers to acclimate during this trek. We also provide guidelines or ways for avoiding diseases. We have a connection with the hospitals or medical services in Bhutan where at the time of emergencies we can take you there. But if you seriously fall sick during the trek then we would arrange a helicopter evacuation back.

 

  1. What kind of facilities that I will have during this trek?

Bhutan Snowman trek is well facilitating. Although there are something’s that you will need to compromises. As this trek goes through the remoteness of Bhutan, you will not have many facilities there. For example, you might not be able to charge batteries, mobile for your electrical device, so you should carry a power bank as an alternate. On camping, you will have to cook your food and sleep on the camp which is uncomfortable.

 

Tamu Lhosar, Soman, Gyalpo Losar 2020, Celebration in Nepal

Tamu Lhosar

Tamu Lhosar is a festival that is popular among the Gurung community in Nepal and Tibet. The word Tamu” represents to Gurung people. People of Nepal and Tibet celebrate this great joyous festival. Tamu Lhoshar is the occasion of the New Year among this community. This festival generally falls during the month of Poush in the Hindu calendar and during the month of December in the English calendar. Nepal government also gives public holidays during Tamu Lhoshar. During this festival, all Gurung people wear Gurung attire and perform their cultural dance.  

The traditional clothes of Gurung are Bhangra, especially Gurung men wear this dress. Bhangra is a white cloth like a shirt, which tight across the chest. They also wear a Kachhad, like a short sarong or kilt. On the other hand, Gurung women wear a blouse and a long skirt. Younger Gurung girls wear Ghalek and gunyo-cholo. They wear large gold ornament including earing and their traditional style stone necklace. Gurung people cook different types of food during the special occasion of Tamu Lhoshar. The Gurung community is one of the oldest cultures in Nepal. Rodhighar, Chudka, Sorathi, Ghantu, and Dhori are the Gurung tradition that is still prevalence in Nepal. 

The traditional food of Gurung includes Sel roti and Khapse (made of rice bread), Achar (Pickle), Meat, homemade rice Beer (tonbaa), and Wine during Tamu Lhoshar. People also sing their traditional Gurung song “Salaijo and Kauda”. During Tamu Lhoshar people gather around to dance and sing. Tamu Lhoshar is being celebrated in Nepal and Tibet for a long time. Tamu Lhoshar is also an opportunity of showing valor, humor, singing, and dancing skills.

 

 

Tamu Lhosar in Kathmandu

Festival in Nepal

Nepal is known as the land of gardens, flowers, mountains, and more natural diversity. But we also have diversity in religion and tradition. The culture and tradition also depend upon the geographical status where we live in. as people living in the Terai region take Chhath and Gaura Parva as their main festivals. People living in the hilly region celebrate Dashain and Tihar as their main festivals. Likewise, people living in the Himalayan region celebrate Lhoshar as their main festival. Each and every festival have their own importance.  Festival in Nepal, possess both physical and mental happiness.

Thus people of Nepal gather and share their happiness with their close ones. Each festival in Nepal consists of beautiful historical background. Festival is the most exciting part of our lives.  It is also said that there is more festival in Nepal then there are more days on a year, no wonder Nepal is called the land of festivals. Every other day is the day of the festival in every country. The best part of all the festival is they show the history of their respective culture and teach us the importance of life.  Festival adds excitement and enjoyment to our lives. Festival is one of the ways to show one’s happiness and excitement.

During everyone’s busy seclude Tamu Losar festival has now been one of the ways to give us a distraction from our day to day, the exhausting routine of life, and give us some inspiration to remember the important things and moments in life. Among many festivals in the world, Tamu Lhoshar is one of the important festivals which is celebrated in all parts of Nepal and Tibet. Festival in Nepal is also a chance to exchange gifts among family members.  

 

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How is Tamu Lhosar is celebrating?

celebration of Tamu Lhosar

Losar is one of the greatest festivals of the Gurung community. In Nepal, the People of the Himalayan region and the Terai region celebrate Tamu Lhosar. Gurungs community organize various programs on the occasion of Tamu Lhoshar. Earlier Ganjasingh Gurung, who is also the director of the Tamu community, started to highlight the significance of Tamu Lhoshar among his community and all the other community. People gather together and sing different traditional songs and perform their traditional dances during this festival. The celebration of Tamu Lhoshar is for three days, however, the government gives holiday only on the last day, because of its importance. 

Nowadays, people celebrate festivals in a modern way replacing the traditional way of celebration. In the past, people used to drink wine and alcohol for the whole day, but nowadays people enjoy luxurious parties, dance to modern songs. Especially, in the major cities of Nepal like Kathmandu and Pokhara, People organize parties and enjoy this in the cultural process.

Tundikhel, the heart of Kathmandu city, is the major place, where people gather and cherish this festival. In Tundikhel, a major group of people organizes concerts and dancing programs on the special occasion of Tamu Lhosar Festival. People also visit a stupa in different places. Boudhanath stupa and Swyambhunath stupa are the major places where people specially visit during this festival. People wear their traditional clothes and express their culture among all. 

Gurung people comprise of special dancing and singing skill, which is really joyous to watch to the audience. The traditional songs also show the local lifestyle of the people. Tamu Lhoshar is also an occasion where family members meet and share their happiness and joy.  

 Enjoy the party of Losar

People also host different parties and feast on their home on the occasion of Tamu Lhoshar. The main food during this festival is Sel roti, khapse, and meat. People also tend to have homemade wine and Tumba. Now a day’s people also do many social activities on the day.  

People also visit different Buddhist stupas and take blessings from the monks. They celebrate this festival by feasting and also exchanging gifts. People also exchange wishes and goodwill with their near and dear ones. Nowadays people from other communities or cultures also wear traditional clothes of Gurung people to celebrate Tamu Lhoshar. Tamu Lhoshar is celebrated among the ethnic community of entire Asia. The word Lhoshar is made up of two different words Lho means year and Sar means year.

Since Lhoshar lasts for three days the celebration of Tamu Lhoshar begins from the last 2 days of the previous year. In different places, the Tamang community also organize different Sports events, interaction, cultural rallies, and cultural shows. Since nowadays tradition is at the peak of its extension, people conduct a different program to conserve this festival. The scientific reason for celebrating Tamu Lhoshar is that it falls on 22nd December which is known as the longest night and from 23rd December onward the days begin to get longer. So it is also celebrated as the change of time cycle. An interesting thing about Tamu Lhoshar is that people also worship nature on this day.  

 

Visit Buddhist Stupa

People also visit different Buddhist stupas and take blessings from the monks. People celebrate this festival by feasting and also exchanging gifts. They also exchange wishes and goodwill with their near and dear ones. Nowadays people from other communities or cultures also wear traditional clothes of Gurung people to celebrate Tamu Lhoshar. Tamu Lhoshar is celebrated among the ethnic community of entire Asia. The word Lhosar is made up of two different words Lho means year and Sar means year. Since Lhoshar lasts for three days the celebration of Tamu Lhoshar begins from the last 2 days of the previous year.

In different places, the Tamang community also organize different Sports events, interaction, cultural rallies, and cultural shows. Since nowadays tradition is at the peak of its extension, people conduct a different program to conserve this festival. The scientific reason for celebrating Tamu Lhosar is that it falls on 22nd December which is known as the longest night and from 23rd December onward the days begin to get longer. So it is also celebrated as the change of time cycle. An interesting thing about Tamu Lhoshar is that people also worship nature on this day.

Sonam Lhosar

History of Gurung and Tamu Lhosar

Among 59 indigenous nationalities residing in Nepal Gurung are one of them. Mainly Gurung people are found on the foothills of Annapurna in the Himalayan region. Gurung means farmer in the Tibetan language. It is believed that the Gurung people a wandering tribe who came across Tibet and mustang. Later they settled on Tibet and mustang and introduce Buddhism during the 7th century. Eventually, they started celebrating things like ceremonies and practices related to worship, birth, death, and marriage. Later Lhoshar has become one of the main festivals.

The Gurung community has divided their time into 12 years which is also called Lohokor. In these 12 years, they worship anyone animal or a bird a year. Los–garuda, serpent, horse, sheep, monkey, bird, dog, deer, mouse, cow, tiger, and cat are the 12 animals that Gurung people worship on the occasion of Tamu Lhoshar. The traditional music of the Gurung community is Rodhi. Besides these other, famous and traditional dances of Gurung people include Ghatu and Chudka.

People also organize food stalls in different places that serve special Gurung dishes. The people who are the pries on stupas and Gumbas are called Lamas, Klihbri, and Panju. Gurung people have a great contribution to the culture and tradition of Nepal. People celebrate Tamu Lhoshar by going on a picnic and greeting one another. People also organize Ghatu and Chudka dance competitions in different places. Tamu Lhoshar has been celebrating in Nepal for a very long time. As Gurung people celebrate Tamu Lhoshar which is their new year, they do not much follow other calendars.  

Other different types of Lhosar

As Lhoshar is the main festival of Buddhist people. There are three types of Lhosar that celebrating in Nepal. All of the Lhoshar have their own importance and significance. Each type of Lhoshar is celebrated by some specific community.

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Sonam Lhosar

Sonam Lhosar is also a new year of the Buddhism community. This festival is celebrated by the Tamang people of Nepal. About 8% of the total population in Nepal belongs to the Tamang community Sonam Lhoshar is a pretty big festival. Tamang people belong to the ancient tribe who was called Yombo. The word Tamang is made up of two worlds Ta which means Horse and Mang means Rider. The name Tamang is considered to be set as during ancient times mostly Tamang people used to involve in horse-trading. Tamang people are also very rich in culture and tradition. They have their own identity and own culture.

One of the famous things about Tamang is Damphu. Damphu is a drum-like small musical instrument. This instrument is made up of 32 bamboo sticks and a goat’s skin to cover one of the sides. According to the Nepali calendar, Sonam Lhoshar falls during the month of Magh and according to the English calendar, this festival falls in January or February. During this festival, Tamang people clean their houses and shops as per their tradition. People visit Gumbas and the stupa on the occasion of Sonam Lhosar.

Selo is a traditional dance of Tamang people which they perform on Sonam Lhosar. Selo dance is also performed in the most formal programs in Nepal. The traditional style of playing Damphu and dancing Selo is also known as Tamang Selo. Sonam Lhosar is also celebrated to spread positives and destroy negative energy from the nation. People decorate their houses with lights and flags all over.  

Gyalpo Lhosar

Gyalpo Lhoshar is also popular as one of the three Lhoshar and people of the Sherpa community celebrate this festival. Mainly, this festival is popular among the people in the Everest and Annapurna region of Nepal as well as other countries of Asia. People cook delicious food such as khapse, cakes, cookies, candies, bread, and fruits during Gyalpo Lhosar. They drink special soup on those two days which is called Guntung. This soup includes many ingredients such as eating rice, sweet potatoes, wheat, Yak cheese, green peppers, and radishes. Swyambhunath Stupa is a famous and the main stupa to visit during Gyalpo Lhosar.

Since most people in the Everest region celebrate this festival, Gyalpo Lhosar has also been one of the attractions of tourists. Gyalpo Lhosar falls in the month of February right after Sonam Lhosar. People perform a dance ceremony which they call Cham and is performing near Boudhnath Stupa.  

One of the ancient beliefs that Sherpa follow during Gyalpo Lhoshar is keeping their house, mainly the kitchen clean. During the evening of Gyalpo Lhosar people gather together in a stupa or any other place for the traditional greeting. People wish for the joy, happiness, and essence of Losar is still the same for everyone in their family. People celebrate Gyalpo Lhosar by singing or dancing to traditional Sherpa songs, eating, and drinking.  

Tamu Lhosar in 2020

Tamu Lhoshar is the biggest festival of Gurung’s community, People in the Himalayan region celebrates this festival. As this region falls on the cold places of the Himalayan region (Lang tang and foothills of the Annapurna region), people tend to celebrate Tamu Lhoshar by eating warm food and wearing traditional and warm clothes.

The government of Nepal gives a public holiday on the occasion of Tamu Lhosar. In this year 2020, Tamu Lhosar falls on 30th December, Wednesday. People gather in public houses or stupas to sing and dance during Tamu Lhoshar. Also, 2020 is a period of a global pandemic. We must celebrate Tamu Lhosar by being extra careful. People also must follow the guideline set by the government. While celebrating festivals people also must maintain social distancing. 

Happy Tamu Lhosar

 

Shivaratri Festival- 2021 date and celebration in Nepal

Shivaratri Festival


Nepal is a country of diverse cultures and traditions. As Nepal is a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural country, Nepal is the home of many ethnic and religious groups. Because of this, we celebrate many festivals throughout the year. All kinds of religion are respecting each other here and we believe every religion have its own beauty and own ethnicity. Shivaratri festival is one of the famous Hindu festivals in Nepal.

Kirk Patric Once said that “Nepal is a country where there are more temples than houses, more gods and goddesses than people, and more festivals than days in a year”.

Festival is the most exciting part of our lives, no matter what religion we follow we celebrate our festival together regardless of any dispute. Every festival has its own history or background. Although the majority of people are Hindus in Nepal, that does not mean other religions are not respecting or not important to us. We celebrate every festival with some energy and excitement. Among many festivals, Maha Shivaratri is one of the important festivals in Nepal.

Shivaratri is not the only celebration in Nepal but in different parts of Asia including south India. Maha Shivaratri is the festival in which Lord Shiva is worship. Lord Shiva also consider the supreme god of Hindus. On this day people visit different Shiva temples. There are many Shiva temples in different places of Nepal and in the world. In the festival of Maha Shivaratri in Nepal, the Shiva temple around the world has big crowd. Devotees worship Lord Shiva for the wellbeing of their families and the entire world.

Shivaratri festival

Maha Shivaratri in Nepal


Maha Shivaratri is one of the main festivals celebrated inside Nepal. The word Maha Shivaratri is made up of two Sanskrit words in which Maha means great and Ratri falls on the 14th day of the dark half of each lunar month which is believed to be especially sacred to Shiva. It falls during January and February in English month which is Math and Falgun according to the Hindu calendar. Maha Shivaratri is celebrated in Nepal and the western part of India. During the night of Shivaratri, the stars in of northern hemisphere are at the most optimum position which helps to raise the spiritual energy of a person’s spiritual energy. This day is very important for the people as it is believed that the principle of lord Shiva is most active during this day.

Pashupatinath temple of Nepal is the biggest Shiva temple in Nepal. Devotees mostly visit Pashupatinath temple during Shivaratri as it is one of the biggest Shiva temples in the world. People sing songs and chant “OM Namah Shivay” and “Mahamritunjaya” during this day. Sadhus mediate and perform Tandav along with the celebration and worship to Lord Shiva. During the night people around the country light bonfire. Different Shivaratri program is hosted around the streets. Children are often dressed as Shiva and they perform different acts. A holy meal is distributed to everyone during this day. Shivaratri is celebrated as a festival of light over darkness.

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Celebration of Maha Shivaratri in different places


Pashupatinath temple

Pashupatinath temple is the biggest temple in Nepal and the main festival celebrated in this temple is Maha Shivaratri. During this festival hundreds of devotee cones in Pashupatinath temple to worship lord d Shiva and sadhu are in the temple. On this day Pashupatinath temple is decorated with lights everywhere. According to the Pashupatinath area development trust (PADT) on the occasion of Maha Shivaratri, almost 50k people visit Pashupatinath throughout the world.

On this day Pashupatinath area development trust hire many employees for cleaning and taking care of the Pashupatinath area. Nepal scout and many other social committees come together as a helping hand during this festival. They provide water, Prasad, and emergency medical services to the devotee. Nepal scout also makes sure that everyone follows the safety rules and remain in line. Avery year Pahsupati area development trust associating with Nepal scout and make different plans and policies to manage everything during this day. They make plans to manage the crowd and make people easy to worship.

Mostly, tourists love to visit Pashupatinath temple’s vicinity and Sadhu Babas from different places. People also love to click photos of devotees and Sadhu Babas during this day. Sadhu Babas make the visitors happy by doing different types of activates like meditating, posing, and telling the story of Lord Shiva. Sadhu Babas are covered with ashes and tikka all over their body. There are 4 doors on the main temple of Pashupatinath. Since the crowd is very high during this day all 4 doors are opened as per PADT. People are allowed to worship lord Shiva from all four sides. In addition to this, there are many small Shiva linga inside Pashupatinath.

Kailashnath Mahadev temple


Kailashnath
Mahadev temple statue is the tallest statue of Lord of Shiva in the world. It is the second biggest Mahadev temple. The devotee also visits this temple during Shivaratri. About 10 thousand visitors come to visit this temple during Maha Shivaratri is the tallest temple in the world, this temple hold lot of beliefs about lord Shiva. This temple is less crowded than the Pashupatinath temple. During Maha Shivaratri devotee dance and sing. This temple also decorates with light all around.

Bonfire is also lighted in the route of this temple. This temple is situated on the border of Bhaktapur and carves districts. During Shivaratri, there is a different program at this temple. Devotees visit this temple because this temple is located in a very peaceful environment. A resort, spa, yoga center, health club, and meditation center are also opened in the area of this temple.

 

Rituals that are performing during Shivaratri

  1. Shivaratri morning

On the day of Maha, Shivaratri devotees wake up early in the morning and take a sunrise bath they offer water to the sun. Then, they offer prayer to the lord sun, Vishnu, and Shiva. Then after devotees visit Shiva temple to their nearest and give customary bath to Shiva linga. Mainly women come to the Shiva mandir and perform traditional Shiva linga puja and seek blessing from Lord Shiva. Since there will be much crowd on the temple, devotees wait for their turn. While doing puja devotee circumambulate the Shiva linga three or seven times. After that devotee pours milk or water on Shiva linga.

  1. Ritual bath of Shiva linga

According to Shiva Puran devotee will have to offer Shiva linga special bath with milk, yogurt, honey, sandalwood paste, and rose petals. While bathing Shiva linga devotee will have to chant “OM Namah Shivay”. After that devotee will have to take some particular and rare leaves from the forest. Some of the important levees that you will need to have for Shiva puja are Agela and Marmelos which is also commonly known as Bilwa or wood apple. After that devotee decorates Shiva linga with flowers and garlands. Other ingredients needed for Shiva puja are mentioned below:-

Bael leaves – Bael leaves are required for Shiva puja as it is believed that offering Bael leaves is a process of purification of the soul.

Vermilion paste – Vermilion paste is commonly known as Sindoor. As one of the significances of Shivaratri is this is the day of the wedding of Lord Shiva and parfait. So Sindoor is offered to Lord Shiva.

Food items – food items are offered to almost all Hindu gods. So people offer food items are offered to Lord Shiva to ensure that the lord fulfills all desires of the devotee.

Incense and Lamp – during worshipping lord Shiva devotee offer Dhoop and Diya to the lord. Lighting Dhoop and Diya are believed to be conducive to the attainment of knowledge.

  1. Night worship of Lord Shiva

As Shivaratri means the night of Lord Shiva so devotees worship Lord Shiva during the day as well as during the night. Devotees stay all night singing and worshipping Shiva linga. All devotees gather on Shiva Mandir at night to sing and dance. People spend the entire night listening to the story of Lord Shiva. The priest does the main puja during this night with all the rituals and all the ingredients. The devotee will break their fast during the night by eating the Prasad from the mandir.

Maha Shivaratri in Nepal

Why is Shivaratri Celebrating?

There is always a story or significance behind celebrating every festival. According to Shiva purine once there was a big fight between two of the Hindu gods Brahma and Vishnu. They fought over who was superior among them. They both were using power to show their superiority. The situation got intense and other gods get afraid of. They asked lord shiv to intervene. Lord Shiva came and he got a plan to end the fight. Lord Shiva formed a massive column of fire in between Brahma and Vishnu. After that, he asked both of them to find a pinnacle or the end of the fire. Brahma started searching by going upward and Vishnu, on the other hand, started searching for the end on the ground. While searching Brahma can across Ketaki flower flying down slowly.

When Brahma asked Ketaki she replied she was placed at the top of the column as an offering but she was unable to find the end. After that Brahma took the Ketaki flower and went to Shiva. When Shiva heard this he revealed his true form and got very angry. Then after Shiva punished Brahma as he was lying and crushed him that no one will ever worship him. He also banned Ketaki as she falsely testified Brahma. This was the day when Lord Shiva turned himself into the form of linga. In his anger, he also performed Tandav. So Shiva linga is worship on Shiva retry. So Shivaratri is not only a festival but also an inconceivably vast definition universe.

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Some Interesting facts about Shivaratri


1. According to some beliefs, Shivaratri is celebrating because on this day Lord Shiva save the entire world from the poison.  To save the world from poison Lord Shiva drank the poison and stored it in his throat, because of the poison his throat turned blue which is why Shiva is also known as Neelkatha.

2. Another belief about Shiva Ratri is that it was the night when Lord Shiva and parfait got married. Because of this many people tends to get married in Maha Shivaratri. To have a beautiful relation like Shiva and parfait.

3. As Shiva Ratri is one of the main festivals of Hindus, this festival is celebrating during daytime as well as night time. A devotee who takes fast on this day celebrates by doing jagrams on the night. People also light bonfires in different places.

4. According to Hindu Puran there are 12 Shivaratri in a year and Maha Shivaratri is considering to be the most auspicious.

5. Maha Shivaratri is considering as one of the holy days where people can get over their sins.

 

 

Maha Shivaratri festival 2020


Shivaratri is considering one of the main festivals of Hindu people. Shiva Ratri festival falls during the month of Falgun 27 according to the Nepal calendar and according to the English calendar, it was on the 11th of March 2021. We all have been suffering from the global coronavirus pandemic since the start of 2020. We must be safe and take precautionary measures while celebrating the festival. Some of us are still in lockdown. During this pandemic, we must be careful while celebrating the festival. We will have to celebrate Maha Shivaratri indoors during this time of the pandemic. As devotee goes to the temple to worship Shiva linga but due to this pandemic this time we must be safe and celebrate festival from our home.

A devotee can take fast as usual but be careful while going to the temple. As the government has said to wear a mask while going out, devotees will also have to wear masks during Shiva puja or going to the temple. Thus, Shivaratri is one of those festivals that define the belief and importance of the Hindu religion. A devotee can have mental peace and calmness as all the anger, negative energy reduce to low. The devotee will go in deep prayer and hence awakes the healing, intuition, and telepathy.
Happy Shivaratri 2020!!!!


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