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Nepal Travel Guide

Nepal Travel Guide: Before entering Nepal, we recommend getting some helpful travel information. The following few facts about climate, the best time to visit, travel insurance, passport and visa requirements, banking options, and specific useful Nepali phrases will help you to plan a safe and enjoyable trip.

How to Enter?

By Air

Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) in Kathmandu is the only international airport in Nepal. Nepal Airlines (RA – national flag carrier of Nepal) has flight connections to Delhi, Mumbai in India; Bangkok in Thailand; Hong Kong, Shanghai in China; Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia; Dubai in the United Arab Emirates and is flying more destination.  There are also many other airlines offering transit flights directly from your country the easiest transit route is Bangkok, Dubai, Singapore, Chengdu, Shanghai, Lhasa, and Delhi.

By Land

Nepal shares borders with India on three sides and China on the north. The entry points to Nepal from India are Kakarbhitta, Birgunj, Belhiya, Bhairawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi, and Mahendra Nagar. The Kodari Pass in Nepal-China border is the entry point to Nepal from China, however crossing between Nepal and Tibet via Kodari is only open to organized groups not to individual travelers. Tourists entering Nepal by land must also carry their valid passports.

Passport and Visa guide

Visas are available on arrival at the international airport in Kathmandu and at all land border crossings open to foreigners. You are required to carry passport photos and can pay the visa fee in foreign currency (some passages insist on payment in US dollars). Your passport must be valid for at least six months, and you will need a whole free page for your visa. You can also avail of your permission from the consulate in your home country. Tourist visa shall be granted for a period of a maximum of 150 days in a calendar year. On Arrival Visa Fee is 15 Days – 30 USD; 30 Days – 50 USD; 90 Days – 125 USD.

You can fill the online visa directly to the Nepal immigration website also.

Travel Insurance

A travel insurance policy that covers: theft, loss, and medical problems is best for traveling in Nepal. There are wide varieties of plans available, so always check the small print carefully. Make sure to be covered for adventure activities and high altitude. Since you reach above 4000 meters on quite a few treks in Nepal, it is best to choose a policy that covers medical and emergency repatriation, including helicopter evacuation for trekkers and a general medical evacuation. Also, understand that most medical treatment and facilities/hospitals must be paid for at the point of delivery of the patient. So it’s wise to choose policy paying doctors and hospital treatments directly, rather than you having to spend on the spot and get reimbursed later.

Traveling Around Nepal

For getting around the country, there is an excellent domestic air network and helicopter charter services, as well as deluxe tourist coaches and private car hire. A wide range of local buses is also available. Our team will assist in your Nepal travel guide and making your preferred travel arrangements within Nepal accordingly to your trip itinerary.

Flight Delays and Unexpected Weather Conditions

Flights by plane and helicopter are prone to unexpected delays and cancellations caused by unexpected weather in remote areas. Operational complications may also occur, which is more likely to happen in the Everest region -Lukla flight, Annapurna region- Jomsom flight, Dolpa, Simikot, Jumla region, etc.

Most of the time, mountain flights are delayed without prior information. The trip is scheduled at 6:30 am, so you are required to be at the airport by 6:00 am. However, most of the time, flight delays for more than an hour, so please be prepared for that. We advise you to always carry extra money for food and accommodation in case of an emergency. The Above Himalaya Trekking will not be responsible for additional expenses coming with unforeseen reasons. We advise you to plan accordingly.

While trekking in remote areas, especially off-season, you’re advised to reserve extra days to avoid frustration in case if any delays occur. In case of delay in flight before trek departure or at the end of the trek, you will need to cover your accommodation and food costs by yourself.

Currency of Nepal

Currency is spelled as Nepalese Rupees or Rupee (Rs) or in short NRS. 100 Paisa (an equivalent of 1 cent) equals 1 Rs. Nepali Notes are: 1000, 500, 100, 50, 25, 10, 5 rupees; 2 and 1 rupee coins are rarely used.

Banking and Foreign Exchange

Payments in hotels, travel agencies, and airlines are made in foreign exchange, however major credit cards such as Visa, MasterCard, JCB, and AmericanExpress, are accepted in most tourist class hotels, restaurants, airlines, and major tourist merchants. There are plenty of cash machines or ATMs in cities, and most will accept cards issued by any of the major international banking networks (Plus, Cirrus, etc.). The majority of ATM’s currently have a maximum withdrawal amount of 10,000Rs (although you can make repeated withdrawals).

It is widespread that your bank blocks most of the credit cards after first use. It is done for a security reason and may put you in a problematic situation where you can’t withdraw cash from ATMs. Always inform your bank about your travel plans and get authorization to use your card in Nepal. We also advise you to always have a sufficient amount of cash with you in case of any of the above issues.


In Nepal, 220-240 volts/50 HZ power is used. Sockets usually take plugs with three round pins. The plugs can be both small and large. Some outlets take caps with two round pins as well. It is advised to carry the universal electric adapter with you. However, you can also purchase them in Kathmandu and other cities, but not in remote locations. For Nepal, there are three associated plug types, types C, D, and M. Plug type C is the plug which has two round pins, plug type D is the plug which has three round pins in a triangular pattern, and plug type M has three round pins. Nepal operates on a 230V supply voltage and 50Hz.

Voltage fluctuation is very common in Nepal, and it is advised that you use an adapter with a quality power surge protector for your electronics. Also, in dry seasons, power outages are common and can last for a few hours. Hence we recommend having a power bank with you. Most hotels and businesses have an emergency backup of fuel cells and generators.

The Climate in Nepal

It is notoriously difficult to predict the weather in the mountain. At night, it is generally cold and the days are usually warm. There will be snow during December and February. It is essential to make sure that you can stay warm and dry in just about any conditions. The fluctuation in temperature is an unavoidable feature of the Himalayas.

The seasons in Nepal are pretty much the same as in Europe, opposite to the Australian seasons. Nepal’s climate is moderate, which means: winters are cold and dry, and summers are hot and humid. However, because of the vast range in the altitude and landscape, the climate of Nepal differs significantly throughout the country.

Generally, the monsoon season lasts from around the end of June to the end of August. About 80 % of the rainfall occurs during this period throughout the country, but the remainder of the year is dry. May and June can be scorching and humid until the monsoon rains. In spring (March to April) and autumn (October to November), the temperatures are pleasant with occasional short bursts of rain, while November to February is dry but can be very cold, especially at night.

Summer, monsoon, and late spring temperatures range from 28ºC (83ºF) in the hills to more than 40ºC (104ºF) in the Terai region (southern plains). In winter, the average maximum and minimum temperatures in the Terai range from a 7ºC (45ºF) to a mild 23ºC (74ºF). Kathmandu Valley has a warm climate most of the year. Summer temperatures range from 67-81°F (19-27°C), and in winter temperatures are between 36 and 68°F (2-20°C). During the monsoon season in August, the average rainfall is between 7.8-14.7 inches (200-375mm) in Kathmandu.

Best time to visit

Spring (March, April, May) and autumn (Sept, Oct, Nov) are the best months of the year to visit Nepal. During this time, the weather is pleasant, with loads of warm sunlight. The sky is clear, so you can truly enjoy the remarkable Nepalese landscape and the Himalayan views.

During the monsoon (June, July, Aug), although there will be no problem with trekking, lower visibility and rain could be an issue. However, for nature lovers, the monsoon is a blessing, as the higher valleys, mountains, and meadows blossom with flowers and abundant vegetation. You can trek in winter (Dec, Jan, Feb), especially in the hilly regions, yet as you reach higher elevations, you can expect low temperatures and heavy snowfall.

If you don’t necessarily enjoy crowds, trekking during the monsoon or winter or choosing more solitary trekking destinations could be your options. Note that due to global warming, there has been a change in the regular climate worldwide, and Nepal is no exception. Please be open to unpredictable weather conditions, as well.

Clothing and Equipment

While trekking in the Himalayas, you are required to have appropriate clothing and equipment set. You can either purchase your own or hire some of the necessary items in many adventure shops in Kathmandu. Sleeping bag and down jacket are easily rented for about 1 USD a day; other items can be bought locally. Most of the gear is locally manufactured and a lot cheaper. Some branded clothing is likely to be more expensive but has more quality.

Remember that excess baggage is likely to be a burden for yourself and your supporting staff. “Pack light, but pack right,” is our motto. We will help you to arrange all of the necessary equipment on the second day of your arrival to ensure your comfort and safety during the trek. Get more ideas about packing here.

Health Guidelines:

Trekking in Nepal is a beautiful experience and doesn’t involve many risks. However, we suggest that you carry out a standard health check and advise your doctor about your travel plans before arriving in Nepal. Immunizations or vaccinations, if required, should be taken at least six weeks before arrival. Always make sure to have valid health insurance for the whole period of your trip

You can enjoy your Nepal travel guide vacations only when you feel healthy and spirited from inside. And, if your health does not support you, these enjoyable vacations to a great destination become a burden and nothing else! So, here we present you with tips on staying healthy before you go on a trip and while you are away.

Before you go:

  1. Immunizations or vaccinations, if needed, should be taken least six weeks before you leave. Some vaccines need about six weeks after you get the shots to reach to the highest protection level
  2. Medical and dental check-ups are important before your trip to be aware of problems, if any. Then accordingly, you can find out about medicines you might need to take along.
  3. Enquire fully about your health insurance, in case you might see a doctor while you’re in another country. Carry enough of your regular medicines in their original containers, along with extra prescriptions for them. Also, bring your eyewear prescriptions. Do bring a first-aid kit along.

Vaccines you Might Get

Nepal doesn’t officially require any immunizations to enter the country. However, several significant diseases can be prevented, or the risks significantly decreased by immunizations.

Consult your doctor once before your Nepal travel guide trip so that he can decide if you need any vaccinations, but the treatments you should consider for a Nepal trip include the following.

  1. Hepatitis A
  2. Hepatitis B
  3. Japanese Encephalitis
  4. Meningococcal meningitis
  5. Polio
  6. Rabies
  7. Tetanus and diphtheria Toxoids
  8. Typhoid fever

Some interesting fact

  1. Nepal is home to the world’s highest mountain, Everest at 8848m
  2. Buddha was born in Lumbini, Nepal.
  3. Yeti, the elusive snowman is believing to roam the mountains of Nepal.
  4. Momo: A type of dumpling which is a popular dish here.
  5. Nepal is the only country with a non-rectangular flag.
  6. The only living goddess in the world, Kumari is in Nepal.
  7. Nepal has over 80 ethnic groups and 123 languages.
  8. It does not celebrate Independence Day as it has never been colonized to date.
  9. Home to the snow leopard, red panda, one-horned rhino, which are all endangered species.
  10. Namaste is the way people greet each other in Nepal. They greet each other with plans placed together. Namaste essentially means “I salute the God in you.”
  11. Nepal is the second-largest source of water in the world.
  12. It is illegal to kill cows in Nepal. Cows are the national animal of this country.

Some useful Nepali Phrases:






Hello or GoodbyeNamastey
How are you?Tapaiilai Kasto Cha?
I am fine.Malai Thik Cha.
What is your name?Tapai ko Naam k ho?
My name is ……….Mero Naam ……… ho
I am lostMa haraye
Do you speak English?Tapai Angereji bolnu huncha?
How do I get to ………?……….kasari jane?
How much does it cost?Yesko ko Kati parcha?
Get lost/ Go awayYaha bata haat
Thank YouDhanyabaad
Excuse me/ pardon me/ sorryMaaf garnu hos
I don’t understandMaile bhujhina
I understandMaile bhujhe
Hope to see you soonPheri Bhetaula
NoHoina or Chaina


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  • Trekking Agency Association of Nepal
  • Nepal Government
  • Nepal Tourism Board
  • Nepal Mountaineering Association
  • Kathmandu Environmental Education Project
  • Village Toursim Pormotion Forum Nepal
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