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Where is Bhutan, interesting facts, location and geographical information

where is bhutan

Where is Bhutan?

Bhutan is the small land-locked country that lies in the continent of Asia and covers the area of 38,394 square kilometers. It is the 138th largest nation in the world in terms of Land area. Bhutan is the adventure country, and also a practical guide to the “Land of thunder the dragon.” It is located at the eastern Himalaya Mountains south of china, sharing the border with Indian states of Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh.

Bhutan serves as the best tourist destination for adventure trekking. The country has several Key Himalayan mountain passes. Possessing the heavenly landscapes with some fertile valleys and savanna, anybody could fall in love with this place.

In 1947, Bhutan became an independent state after gaining its sovereignty from the United Kingdom. Bhutan comprises a population of 716,896 according to the record of the 2012 survey and has a density of 19 people per square kilometer. In Contrast with Bhutan’s people, the population density of the neighboring country is far higher as the overall population of the country is around seven hundred fifty thousand only.

The people of Bhutan are referred to as Bhutanese, and the currency of Bhutan is the Ngultrum (BTN). Dialing code for Bhutan is 975 and .bt is the top-level internet domain for Bhutanese sites. Bhutan is a small country that lies between the Republic of China and The Republic of India.

Tiger's nest Bhutan

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Talking to the temperatures, southern Bhutan is comparatively hot with a humid atmosphere, and the climate varies from 15 to 30 degrees. In contrast with that, the temperature of the northern areas is low and cold as it is close to the mountains. You can view incredibly panoramic views of snow-topped mountains; the mower parts usually stay cool.
Bhutan is famous worldwide through the concept of “Gross National Happiness” (GNH).

GNH is defined as the development philosophy, also a benchmark for progress. The main aim of GNH to achieve the wellbeing of the population in a combination of Psychological and spiritual. Bhutan consists of a democratic constitutional monarchy system of government. Environmental protection and cultural preservation is the foremost policy in the planning of development activities.

As there is the absence of the massive carbon polluting industries as well as the density of cars on the road in Bhutan, it is referred to as “Carbon Negative.” Scenic mountains, fresh air, serene surroundings, and eye-catching landscapes reinvigorate the tourist so that they can enjoy the fullest. Bhutan is a rich country with its precious cultural diversity. Besides this, anyone can enjoy the celebrations held in Bhutan throughout the year.

 Some interesting facts about Bhutan

  • The local name of Bhutan is given as Druk Yul, which means “Land of the Thunder Dragon.” That is why the Dragon appears on the Bhutanese flag.
  • In 2010, Bhutan was the first country to ban the production and sales of tobacco in the world. The first king of Bhutan called tobacco as the most filthy and notorious herb. During that time, the violators of the decision were charged with a considerable amount: the equivalent of over two months’ salary.
  • With only around 14,800 square miles (38,400 square kilometers) of territory, Bhutan is roughly half the size of South Carolina. The country is slightly smaller than Switzerland. Much of the terrain is made up of mountainous slopes.
  • Despite a focus on internal happiness, the Bhutanese government has been accused of numerous human rights violations against the ethnic minorities living there; many were forced out of the country or into refugee camps. The United States accepted about 30,870 Bhutanese refugees between the period of 2008 and 2010.
  • The internet and television access were allowed into the country in 1999, and a few channels are received from neighboring India, to push the modernize. Bhutan was known to be the last country to adopt television in the world. As per the king warnings, the misuse of the tv could corrupt their old traditions.
  • Having a mandatory dress code in Bhutan, Men wear traditional, knee-length garments, and women wear ankle-length dresses.
  • Bhutanese architectural styled can be observed in the design structure of the University of Texas at EI Paso.
  • Bhutan is known to be the first country to measure national happiness officially, and the index is known as GNH (Gross National Happiness). Bhutan attempts to track the satisfaction of its population rather than emphasizing GDP. After that, the United Nations bought into the idea in 2011 and finally released the World Happiness Report in 2012. The annual report uses Gallup data and ranks countries by factors such as social, health, and environmental wellness rather than just economic concerns.
  • Bhutan’s government imparts free education to the Bhutanese people, and the heavy emphasis is given on Buddhist teachings. The majority of schools have an English curriculum. Until education reform was passed in the 1990s, only around 30 percent of males and 10 percent of females in Bhutan were literate.
  • There is an exceptional inheritance (Land, House, and animals) case in Bhutan. The eldest daughter is supposed to inherit the properties rather than the eldest son. Man is moved to the home of his new wife until he can “earn his keep.”
  • Bhutanese people are not allowed to marry foreigners. Law has restricted Homosexuality. However, polygamy is legalizing in Bhutan, besides the practice is not shared.
  • Archery is the national sport of Bhutan. Besides this, Basketball and Cricket are also gaining popularity.
  • The state religion of Bhutan is Vajrayana Buddhism and follows tantric Buddhist texts.
  • The last Himalayan Kingdom Bhutan’s official religion is Mahayana Buddhism and consists of a small percent of Hinduism.
  • Land-locked country Bhutan contains the area of 38,394 Km2 with its north-south dimensions around 170km maximum and east-west dimensions stretching around 300 km.
  • Located in the eastern Himalayan range, it is mostly mountainous. Bhutan shares about 470km long border with Tibet in the north and India to the rest.

Nepal tibet bhutan tour

Quick facts

Population716,896
Density18.7 / km2 ( 48.4 / mi2 )
LanguageDzongkha
Independence Year1947
CapitalThimphu (Thimphu)
CurrencyNgultrum
GDP1,821,412,873 (2014 data)
GDP per Capita2,541 (2014 data)
Land Area38,394 km2 (14,824 mi2)
Neighboring CountriesIndiaChina
Minimum Longitude88.770
Maximum Longitude92.130
Minimum Latitude26.710
Maximum Latitude28.330

Geographical Profile

Describing the geographic profile about Bhutan, forests cover about 70% of the kingdom. The country is divided into three distinct climatic zones: alpine, temperate, and subtropical zone, while the temperature varies according to elevation.
The central portion of the country is cold and experience temperate climate throughout the year. A hot, humid climate helps maintain a reasonably even temperature in the southern part. The four particular seasons remain different for most of the country. In the northern region, about 10% of the total surface area is covered by Glacier. And this is the essential renewable source of water for Bhutan’s river.

Around the 9th century, the legendary land of Bhutan was first settled by wandering migrants from the Tibet region of China. It is called Druk Yul (Land of the Thunder Dragon) by its people. The magnificent Kingdom of Bhutan lies in the eastern Himalayas, which is sandwiched between India and China.

nepal tibet bhutan tour

Thimpu

Thimpu is known as the capital city of Bhutan. It has a population of 98,676 and is located on a latitude of 27.47 and a longitude of 89.64. Thimpu, the largest and capital city, is situated in the western part of central Bhutan, is one of the beautiful valleys for visitors.

You never avoid the interesting things Thimpu is offering, and surely this charming city will never disappoint you. This place is essential for people having Buddhists faith.
Whether it be charming hiking trails, or exploring indigenous wildlife species, Thimphu stood out to be the best travel destination among another city.

Striking arts and metal works are the fantastic creation of this place and have become a significant reason to travel.
Juni Handmade Paper Factory and Bumthang Owl Trek are must doable things in Thimphu.
The Bumthang Owl Trek is the wildest and engaging activities to do in Thimphu. You will run into hundreds of these majestic birds in this trek. Hooting at night is what they do to entertain us. You can have a beautiful three long day trip and explore the Bhumthang and Choekar valleys.

From there, you will get fantastic views of Mt. Gangkarpunsum, ZampalamChudek, and TharpalingGompas.
Traveling and discovering the life of Bhutanese in Thimpu has become a dream of many enthusiast travelers. The prominent city offers you a wide variety of things to observe, such as a long list of Buddhist sites, Monastery, museums, and other beautiful places to explore.

Thimpu is considered as a Constitutional Monarchy, as it is called as the political center of Bhutan. And also, it is called the home to its Executive head of state.

Welcome to Paro

Extending from the conflux of the Parochhu and the Wang Chhu Rivers at Chuzom up to Mt. Jomolhari, Paro valley gives the marvelous view for the visitors. It is just a short distance northwest of the imposing ParoDzong. The main streets were built in 1985 and are lined with colorfully painted wooden shop fronts and restaurants.

It is the most extensive valleys in the Kingdom occupied by fertile rice fields and hence depicts a beautiful, crystalline river going down the valley. Beautiful traditional-style houses and hills on edge have beautifully surrounded the valley.
Situating in the flat valley bottom and following a grid-like pattern is the peculiar characteristics of Paro Valley.

The area comprises over 155 temples and monasteries, some of which date back to the 14th century. Paro valley also includes the country’s first and only international airport. Famous historical and religious sites and numbers of high-end tourist resorts make ParoValley perfect for a Tourist destination. Till today Paro remains one of the best Bhutanese towns to explore on foot and offering the best landscapes around the city.

places to visit in bhutan

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Traveling to Bhutan

To get into Bhutan, it requires travelers to contact a registered Bhutanese tour operator or their international agents. Bhutan travel is not allowed without having an organized tour, arranged by the registered tour operators. Otherwise, the visa will be denied. The tour operator will work out on the itinerary, and once the itinerary has been completed, you have booked your tour.

Once the visa is approved, the tour operator will forward the visa clearance letter, which will also be sent to the immigration control points at Paro Airport and the land border crossing points. You should show the clearance letter to the immigration officials, upon your arrival at the Paro Airport. Then the immigration officials will stamp into your visa.

The visa and tour agency fees to visit Bhutan average more than the US $250 per day, which is a very high amount. It is perhaps to discourage influence from outside countries. The full amount of your Bhutan visit must be made in advance through the Tourism Council of Bhutan. From there, your tour operators will be paid for arranging the tour, hotel, and itinerary.

Foreign travelers get little choice of where to stay or what to do. Some Bhutanese claim that foreign visitors are shown only what the government wants them to see. To maintain a false image of internal happiness, Tours are censored in Bhutan.

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