Nepal New map including Kalapani, Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura
The border disputes related toKalapani, Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura are now approaching towards conclusion after the exposure of a new map by the Nepal government. The longer border disputes rooted since 1864 AD, was not able to successfully conclude, despite having various meetings.
Nepalese has always dreamt of its greater Nepal. As our greatest leader in the past has fought to make one united greatest Nepal.
The government of Nepal on May 18, 2020, has published its new political map including these three states which is the property of Nepal but was never officially included in the map. Minister for Land Management, Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation Padma Aryal exposed the map during a press meet on May 18, 2020. According to the updated map, these territories lie in Byas Rural Municipality of Darchula District, Sudurpaschim Province. After adding this conflicted territory, which was initially occupied by India, the total area of Nepal increases to 147,516 square kilometers. Before this, the total area of Nepal was 147,181 square kilometers. These territories consist of Gunji, Navi, Kuti that lies near Kalapani. This new official map will come into use soon.
We all are very proud of the vital decision of the Nepal government. Nepal Launches New map including Kalapani, Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura on May 18, 2020. Many experts have given their strong statements regarding these issues. However, some of the Indian media are expressing objection regarding this issue. It is because they are unaware of the facts and the sugauli treaty done in 1816 AD.
New maps include the Limpiyadhura also
These north-western territories (Kalapani, Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura) have created a long term headache for Nepal, as both sides claim to be their own. However, based on the sugauli treaty done in 1864 AD proves that these territories belong to Nepal.
This revolutionary decision of Nepal was triggered after the inauguration of road construction done by India passing through these territories without any consent of Nepal. On May 12, 2020, India started the 79-km road construction to Manasarover that passes through these disputed areas(Kalapani, Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura). These actions were unilateral moves of the Indian Government. Several efforts were made for fixing a date for Foreign Secretariat level talks. Nepal government has also asked to “refrain from carrying out any activity inside the territory of Nepal.” Despite, those clear information, India has intentionally triggered Nepal by its disrespectful act.
In 2005, the Indian Government has obvious to construct the link road which was officially started in 2008. In 2014, the project has accelerated.
After the illegal inauguration of the road construction, the Foreign Affairs Minister Pradeep Gyawali had offered an ambassadorial note to Indian Ambassador Vinay Mohan Kwatra, clearly stating Nepal’s views on boundary issues.
History behindLipulekh, Limuyadhara, Kalapani
The origination of the territorial disputes dated back to the Treaty of Sugauli, signed in 1815 AD, December. Which was approved by the East India Company and the Kingdom of Nepal in 1816 AD. This was done after the end of the anglo-Nepalese war (1814-1816). Where Nepal lost 1/3rd of the territory.
In 1860, then Nepalese Prime Minister Junga Bahadur Rana helped the British in overpowering the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The result of this activity has led to the return of some parts of western terai to Nepal. Based on article V of the Sugauli Treaty, the eastern side of the Kali River belongs to Nepal and the western part of India. The source of the Kali River creates the greatest border disputes.
Nepali border expert claims the Kala Pani areas are Nepalese territory, based on the maps published by the then British Surveyor General of India in 1827 and 1856. Pondering to the fact that, the source of the Kali river lies at Limpiyadhura. Which circumstances that Kala Pani and lipulekh lies on the eastern side of the river. Buddhi Narayan Shrestha, Senior border experts also asserts that the river flows to the west of Kalapani. This is the main Kali river which comes from Limpiyadhura. According to him, Limpiyadhura is the main source of the Kali river, which is also mentioning in the Old Atlas of China’, 1903.
Kalapani is the Nepali territory
In 2015, Nepal objects to the India-china object trade pact via lipulekh. However, India titles Pankhagad, a small river, lying on the southern part of Kalapani is the true border. Which somehow shows these areas are on their side. India generated new maps in 1879 AD, in which they rename the river flown from Limpyudhara. And conclude the kali river to river flown from kalapani. Which was a false statement India claims according to the changing map in 1879.
They failed to assert their point as they hadn’t shown the real border, which is the Kali River. However, disputes is not a new one. As time and again, table talks have been done. But no conclusion has made in each meeting, no actions have been taken in these sectors. But now the triggering activities of road construction had made Nepal step these great actions.
Importance of Lipulekh and Kalapani
Another main vital reason behind this territory is its strategic importance.
Lipulekh, Kalapani, is a trio-junction of India, Nepal, and China. They possess geostrategic and geopolitical importance. They can keep an eye on China remaining in that area. In the 1993 Indo-China war, these parts are given as a lease to support. They set a camp in Limpyudhara for some time. During that time, they realize how important these areas are.
From the geo-economic point of view, it is the straight and shortest route from North India to Kailash Mansarovar.
Overview of Geography of Nepal
Nepal that lies between China and India, is a beautiful mountain country. It is lying in South Asia, sharing borders with China in the North and India on all other sides (the south, east, and west). The total area of Nepal is 147,181 sq. km and it lies between manages approximately 28°N and 84°E. It falls in the Temperate Zone of the north of the Tropic Cancer. The total distance from east to west of Nepal is 800 km whereas 150 to 250 from north to south.
The highest point in the country is marked as Mt. Everest (8,848 m)
And the lowest point is Jhapa (60 m), the Terai plains of Kechana Kalan.
As a matter of fact, Nepal is the second-largest country in terms of water resources. The huge water system of Nepal flow towards southern India. Nepal is mainly divided into three main geographical regions: the Himalayan region, the Hilly region, and the Terai region. Nepali is the official language of Nepali most people speak this language in Nepal. Our official currency is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR).
Nepal is a country with cultural diversity consisting of more than 80 ethnic groups.
Nepal is a small mountain country
Being a small mountain country, yet possess various world records factors, which is proud of Nepal. Besides these, the bravery of the Nepalese People has set an example in the whole world. They are ready to die, for protecting the motherland. Breathtaking beauty, cultural biodiversity is the awesome factor of Nepal, which makes Nepal stood out from another country. Nepal is truly a gem for travelers.
From having a wide variety of flora and fauna to holding the rarest species, Nepal is very popular. One-horned Rhino, Red panda, Bengal tiger, and the national flower Rhododendron are some of the rare species are in Nepal.
These articles will include facts about the famous and intriguing factors of Nepal that you must know.
Below is the list of interesting facts about Nepal covering its people, culture, history, geography, etc.
Most importantly, If you want to know Nepal from very depth, you should get out of your comfort zone and visit here. No one can fully know Nepal from only the written facts. Unless traveling in Nepal would realize you, what heaven is?
This article explores various interesting facts about Nepal that will truly surprise you in the best possible way. Visiting Nepal once is not enough.
Undoubtedly, Nepal is a sovereign country, and capable of making its own decision. Growing up, we have always taught and heard, Nepal is a small country. This is because, of its placement between two larger nations, India and China. This led us historically believed in those statements, actually, we aren’t, as we possess various world record property included in our nation. And we are proud of this privileged factor. To think this is disrespectful towards our existence, our motherland, our constitution, and its sovereignty. It’s time to change our perspective and stand out for truth, for our nation.