Top 10 Highest Mountain in the World
Table of Contents
- Mount Everest (8848m), Nepal
- Mount K2 (8611m), Pakistan
- Mount Kanchenjunga (8586m), Nepal/India
- Mount Lhotse (8511m), Nepal
- Mount Makalu (8462m), Nepal
- Mount Cho Oyu (8201m), Nepal
- Mount Dhaulagiri (8167m), Nepal
- Mount Manaslu (8163m), Nepal
- Nanga Parbat (8125m), Pakistan
- Mount Annapurna (8091m), Nepal
Top 10 highest mountain in the world
The Himalayan is the highest mountain and considered as ‘freshwater reserves in the form of a glacier, ice and snow which face extensive effects of climate change. The highest mountains of the world are some of the most majestic and beautiful things that one can be blessing enough to witness in one lifetime. Climbing to the tallest Mountains is a wonderful and physical dream of the land. Among the 10 highest peaks in the world, Nepal has 8, including Mt. Everest. We are introducing here the list of Top 10 highest mountains in the world
1. Mount Everest (8848m), Nepal
Mount Everest is the world’s highest mountain lies on Nepal and Tibet border, with a height of 8848m above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. This highest mountain is located in the Northeastern part of Nepal. the measurement of the Highest Peak Mount Everest has 8848m (29,029 ft.) above sea level. Mount Everest is called “Sagarmatha” in Nepali and Tibetan people say it Chomolungma. This mountain lies in the number one position of the Top 10 tallest mountains in the world. Land Surveyor General ’Sir George Everest’s that first tried to locate the exact position of the peak given the name Mt Everest.
Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Edmund Hillary are the first climbers who climb Mount Everest in May 1953. Everest base camp trek is the most popular trekking package in this region. Additionally, you can see some rare species of flora and fauna inside Sagarmatha national park. Some of the rare animals found here are Red Panda, Musk Deer, Snow leopard, Himalayan black Deer, Himalayan Thar, Langur Monkeys, Martens, and Himalayan wolves. Sagarmatha Nation Park is also included in the world’s heritage site UNESCO. Gokyo Lake is another highlight of the Everest base camp trek.
Mt Everest got its name from the Land Surveyor General ’Sir George Everest’ that first tried to locate the exact position of the peak. Everest base camp trek is the most popular trekking package in this region.
Mount K2 is the world’s second-highest mountain (8611m) and it is in Pakistan. It is situated on the border of China and Pakistan. It is also the highest point in Xinjiang as well as Pakistan. The name K2 stands for the 2nd peak in the Karakoram Range. Climbing to K2 is a challenging task, but still, about 250 climbers have successfully reached the top of K2. So it is even called Savage Mountain. However, the vast ice pyramid stands away from all the rest of the peaks of K2. Italian expedition got the name for its first climb Mount K2 in 1954. Mount K2 holds the no 2 position in our top 10 highest mountains in the world.
Mount K2 is famous for its name of mount Godwin the mount Godwin Austen as col. H.H. Godwin Austen was the first to survey the peak. As mount K2 has been difficult to climb it is the only one among the eight thousand peaks which have never been climbed during winter from its east face. Mount K2 base camp is located in Pakistan. People tend to choose a route from Pakistan rather than from china for climbing.
3. Mount Kanchenjunga (8586m), Taplejung District Nepal/Sikkim India
Mount Kanchenjunga holds the third-highest mountain in the world, with a height of 8586 meters. It is located in Taplejung District, Nepal, Sikkim, India. Kanchenjunga is also the highest mountain in India and the second-highest amount in Nepal. We can also say this mountain is “The Five Treasures of Snows” because it is blessed with five treasures of God which are gold, silver, gems, grains, and holy books. Joe Brown and George Band successfully climbed it as the first people in the world in 1955. It lies at a distance of 78 miles from Mount Everest. Kanchenjunga is the second least climbed mountain.
There is a Kanchenjunga national park that conserves endangered birds and animals. the Kanchenjunga trekking and its areas are enlisted in the world heritage site by UNESCO. There are three routes to climb mount Kanchenjunga South West, North West, and North East from Nepal and North East Sikkim from Sikkim. However, the three routes from Nepal are considered the safest. Mount Kanchenjunga is also taken by Religious Mountain, it is said that Kanchenjunga is the home of the mountain deity. Kanchenjunga base camp is located in Taplejung, Nepal.
4. Mount Lhotse (8511m), Nepal
Mount Lhotse is another beautiful mountain in Nepal in the same ranges as Mount Everest, It is the fourth-highest mountain in the world. Its height is 8511 meters. Mount Lhotse is connected to Mount Everest and it is in the south of Mount Everest in the Khumbu region. It is a perilous and dramatic rocky route.
Mount Lhotse lies on Nepal and Tibet Border. Mount Lhotse is considered one of the most deadly mountains in the world, because of many failed attempts and fatalities while trying to climb. In addition to this, Mount Lhotse is the most dangerous mount to climb because of Khumbu’s icefall. Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger successfully climbed this peak in 1956.
There are three main three summits of mount Lhotse: – the main summit is 8,516 meters (27,940 ft.), and smaller peaks Lhotse Middle (East) 8,414 m (27,605 ft.) And also Lhotse Shar of height 8,383 m (27,503 ft.). The middle Lhotse is the highest point on earth which was not climbed until early 2001. Sergei Timofeev, Alexei Bolotov, and Petr Kuznetsov with their leader Eugeny Vinogradsky, a Russian expedition, became the first ones to climb middle Lhotse on May 23, 2001.
Mount Makalu is another beautiful mountain in Nepal and it holds its fifth position on the earth, with an elevation of 8463 meters. This mountain is lying on the Mahalangur range and is about 19km southeast of Mount Everest. This mountain has very sharp edges and steep pitches, which makes it quite tough to climb. Especially, this is an isolated peak whose shape is a four-sided pyramid. Mt Lionel Terray and his climbing partner Jean Couzy successfully climbed this peak in 1955, as the first people on the earth to climb it.
Mount Makalu is also one of the eight-thousanders. It is a kind of lonely mountain as well as a unique mountain. Particularly, Mount Makalu is in the shape of a pyramid so because of its knife-edge ridge climbing Makalu is a challenging thing. The average day taken to climb Makalu is around 61 – 65 days. Many trekkers choose to climb Makalu from the western face because of the wonderful and enjoyable route.
The Makalu region is full of natal beauties. Studies have shown that altogether there are 3,128 species of flowers 25 different species of Rhododendhern, 440 different species of birds, and 88 different species of mammals living there.
Mount Cho Oyu another highest mountains in Nepal lies in the Himalayas range and Nepal, the sixth highest mountain in the world. Its height is 8201m meters. Mount Cho Oyu is one of the accessible mountains to climb, H. Tichy, S. Jochler, and Mr. Pasang Lama were the first man who reaches Cho Oyu in October 1954. Cho Oyu mountain is the “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan. It lies on the border of Nepal and China. This mountain range is in the Mahalangur range and is 20 km far away from Mount Everest.
Climbers go from three sides northwest, northeast, and Southeast to climb mount Cho Oyu. Mount Cho Oyu is not that hard to climb and many trekkers climb mount Cho Oyu before climbing Mount Everest as practice and experience. Mr. Ang Phiri Sherpa was recorded as the first Nepali person to climb mount Cho Oyu. Moreover, during the climb, you can get the best view of other eight-thousanders’ mountains while climbing Cho You.
The climbing starts in March and ends in May well the second season is from September through November is considered the best month for climbing mount Cho Oyu. We will fix the three more base camps and a final Advanced Base camp before getting the final attempt to the Cho Oyu base camp.
7. Mount Dhaulagiri (8167m), Nepal
Mount Dhaulagiri holds its position as the seventh highest mountain in the world, located in the north of central Nepal. The elevation of this Peak is 8167 meters. Dhaulagiri has become the pivot point for tourists and climbers. The name Dhaulagiri means “White Mountain,” which is in one of the eight thousand lists. K. Diemberger, P. Diener, Nyima Dorji, Nawang Dorji, climbed it in May 1960. The route through Dhaulagiri goes through the world’s deepest gorge Kali Gandaki. Winter is considering the best time for trekking to Dhaulagiri as you can get the best view.
Dhaulagiri is also calling as the highest mountain by Europeans. And it is also the highest point in the Gandaki basin. Generally, Dhaulagiri is derived from the Sanskrit words dazing, white and beautiful surely is white beauty.
Passing through an ever-changing landscape, with numerous picturesque villages, afterward we reach Dhaulagiri Base camp. On the way, we can encounter semi-wild yak herds, mountain sheep or the elusive snow leopard, Kali Gandaki River; the world’s deepest gorge, and so forth. While you are in the hidden snow valley (after crossing French Pass) gives you a heavenly test of the white world
Mount Manaslu is the eighth-highest mountain in the world, located in the Nepal Himalayas with an elevation of 8163 meters. This mountain is Surrounded by rock-hard ice, which covers a large area at the bottom of the mountain, is one of the most exciting things to see. The meaning of the Manaslu is “Mountain of the Spirit.” the first climber of this beautiful mountain is by T. Manisha from Japan in 1956. Because of this reason this mountain is famous among Japanese people.
Manaslu is a Sanskrit word that means soul. This mountain holds the 8 highest on our list of the top 10 highest mountains in the world. It lies at a distance of 64 km east of mount Annapurna. Manaslu base camp lies at an elevation of 4700-meter from sea level. Mount Manaslu lies in the Gorkha district of Nepal which Trekking in Manaslu has started in 1991.
Manaslu conservation area is a place where many plants and animals are about to be extinct here. The conservation area covers an area of 642 square. Km. mount Manaslu is moderate-level trekking. Luckily, Mount Manaslu is among the world’s fourteen thousand.
9. Nanga Parbat (8125m), Pakistan
The beautiful mountain Nanga Parbat holds the 9th tallest mountain in the world. It is located on the south side of the Indus River in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan. Nanga Parbat means “Naked Mountain.” The elevation of this Peak is 8125 meters.
It is also named the Killer Mountain because lots of climbers died in the first half of the twentieth century. Mr. Hermann Bahl the Australian climber was the first one to ever climb Nanga Parbat in 1953. This is another mountain from Pakistan in the list of Top 10 highest mountains in the world. Mount Nanga Parbat is also the second-highest mountain in Pakistan after mount K2.
The southern face of Nanga Parbat is the highest. Nanga Parbat also comes from the Sanskrit word Parvata which means Naked mountains. Nanga Parbat is also one of the world’s eight-thousanders. Furthermore, Nanga Parbat is so difficult to climb, many trekkers have died during climbing Nanga Parbat which is why it is called Killer Mountain. Nanga Parbat range also covers an area of 120 mi (190 km).
10. Mount Annapurna (8091m), Nepal
Mount Annapurna is the tenth-highest mountain on earth and last in our list of the Top 10 highest mountains in the world. It is located in central Nepal with an elevation of 8091 meters. Annapurna is a Sanskrit name that refers to the Goddess of the Harvests. This Annapurna peak is also the world’s most dangerous for climbing. Annapurna conservation area is the first and largest conservation area of Nepal with 7,629 sq. Km.
The famous climbers from France M. Herzog and L.Lachenal reach this mountain on 3 June 1950 as the first climber. Annapurna base camp trek is the gateway to climbing this mountain. It is the largest conservation area of Nepal which covers many towns like Manang, Mustang, Kaski, Myagdi, and Lamjung with an area of approximately 7,629. Last but not least,
Mount Annapurna is another example of beauty and ability to be listed in the 10th position in the list of the top 10 highest mountains in the world. You can get an amazing view of Annapurna I (8091 m), Annapurna South (7219 m), Machhapuchhre (6993 m), and Hiunchuli (6441 m), glacier dome, Gangapurna (7454), fang (1647m). Moreover, the distance of the road varies between 160–230 km (100-145 mi), depending on where the motor of the transportation is. And also, the Annapurna trek is the best long-distance trek as it is a combination of both cultural and natural beauty.
All in all, I hope you enjoy the reading of the Top 10 highest mountains in the world.
hope you enjoy reading about the Top 10 highest mountains in the world.