Dashain Festival of Nepal, 2020 Dates & Celebration
- Table of Contents
- About Dashain festival
- Dashain 2019 date
- How is Dashain celebrated
- Maha Aasthami
- Maha Navami
- Bijaya Dashami
- Kojagrat Purnima
Nepal is a multiethnic and multicultural country where Nepalese citizens perform different festivals. We celebrate many festivals that differ regionally or according to ethnicity, religion, and also traditions. We have many festivals in our country, Nepal. Celebrating different festivals has its own cultural value and reason behind their celebrations. From Jatras in the capital of the state to the Chhat in the Terai or national festivals like Dashain. The Dashain festival is the biggest in Nepal. Therefore the festivals are the intrinsic part of Nepalese culture.
Dashain festival is the most celebrated festival in Nepal, Hindus. Like other festivals, it is also based on the lunar calendar and falls in the months of Aswin or Kartik(Nepali date) and the English period between September to October. It marks the victory of the goddess Durga over the Demon Mahisasur. It signifies the victory of Good over Evil.
The festival is observed for a fortnight, and the first nine days are called Navaratri. The goddess Durga is worship these days. People also visit the temple of the gods and goddesses. she is the blood loving God so people give blood of different animals in front of the image of the Goddess Nawadurga. The last two days of Navaratri are observing with great Festivity.
Dashain is the biggest festival in Nepal
Dashain festival Nepal is an occasion of great joy, delight, enthusiasm, and rapture for all the people. Therefore, People indulge in feasting and rejoicing. They also clean their houses, put on new clothes, and taste various types of delicious foods. There is a public holiday in this festival for all the schools, colleges, and offices. Among all these reasons, Vijayadashami is also known as the auspicious occasion. On this day, people also embark on new enterprises and start their journey. This is an occasion of peace and goodwill.
Dashain celebrates the inevitable victory of virtue over vice, of truth over untruth, and of justice over injustice.
However, the major celebrations of the day fall on 26t October (Vijayadashami).
Dashain is the longest Hindu festival which is celebrating for two weeks. This festival celebrates with prayers and offerings to Goddess Durga (the universal mother goddess). The festival is in the rice harvesting time with the great view of rice terraces of paddy fields. And it is also the time for family reunions, gift exchanging, exchange of blessing, and elaborating puja.
During the Dashain festival, people worship the image of the goddess in their houses in the hope of getting blessings. Dashain celebrates for 15 days starting from the new moon day (Ghatasthapana) to the full moon day (KojagratPurnima). Some of the days have a specific and vital significance. Ghatasthapana, Phool Pati, Mahaastami, Navami, and Vijayadashami are the series of the events under Dashain, each marked with a different set of rituals.
Rituals performed in different days of Dashain festival:
- Ghatasthapana (Day 1): Thie is the starting and the first day of Dashain is the term Ghatasthapana. Which is also accurately suggests that pot establishing. This is the first day of the festival and is called the day of sowing Jamara. On this day, a Kalash that symbolizes the goddess Durga is kept and filled with clean, holy water collected from a sacred pond or river. Therefore, A rectangular sandy area is preparing, and Kalash is kept at the center by the devotees. ghatasthapana ritual performs at an exact auspicious moment determining by the astrologers.
At that exact moment, the priest intones a welcome, requesting god Hindu deity to bless the vessel together with her presence. Around the Kalash, barley seeds are sown in the sandy area, which beliefs to be pure and blessing. There is great worship at Dashain Grah, This is the place where all the task of Gatasthapana is done and is worshiping throughout the festival period. Only the males of the family used to perform this ritual before, but the case has been changing now as female is also showing this ritual nowadays. While sowing the seeds, you should make sure that the area cannot be affected by direct sunlight. The Kalash is worshipped for nine days and water regularly in the sown area. The seed will grow almost up to 6/5 inches and seen in yellowish color at the end of the ninth day and calling as Jamara.
Phulpati (Day 7)
from Phulpati main festival is starting and people start traveling their hometown from Kathmandu. The Brahmins form the Gorkha bring out the Royal Kalash, Banana stalks, Jamara, and sugarcane tied with the red fabric. Phulpati is celebrating on day 7 of the Dashain festival and the procession is regarding three days long. There is the parade at Hanumandhoka during this day, the government officials anticipate the arrival in Tundikhel and be a part of the parade.
Nepales army gives the firing of the weapons for fifteen minutes to celebrate the arrival of the Phulpati. Phulpati is kept in Royal DashainGhar inside the Hanuman Dhoka. However, Now the tradition is modified as we don’t have a monarchy now. Phulpati currently goes to the residence of President.
Maha Aasthami (Day 8) of Dashain festival
MahaAasthami is celebrated on the 8th day of the Dashain festival. The folks worship the fiercest manifestation of god Durga; bloodthirsty Kali within the eighth day of Dashain. God Kali and Hindu deity receive large sacrifices of animals like goats, hens, buffaloes, goats, and ducks in the Kingdom of Nepal. The blood also sacrifices to the god as a symbol of fertility.
The meat is then taken to the homes and consumed as a sacred food; Prasad, that is blessed by the god and people organized feast in their homes. The folks host a feast in their homes. The Newar community held a feast called “KuchiBhoe”. Therefore in this festival people are eating two paths of beaten rice along with Bhutan, bara (beancake), cholla. Tori ko saag, aalo ko achar, (potato pickle) bhatmaas also (soybean) Aduwa, (spiced ginger) body (blacked- eyes peas). As well as in a banana leaf including Aila (liquor) and the (Newari alcohol).
Maha Navami(Day 9)
In the Dashain festival, the state offers the sacrifices of the buffaloes underneath shooting salutes in Hanuman Dhoka Royal Palace. Throughout the day, Vishwa Karma is worshiping (the god of creativity). Wherever folks sacrifice duck, goat, duck egg, and also hens to vehicles, numerous instrumentality, and tools. The devotees believe that the worshipping of the vehicles on at present can prevent them from the accidents within the coming days.
The night of the Dashain Festival MahaNavami also names as KalRatri or the Black night. At this time Basantapur Durbar area awakes the whole night and 54 buffaloes, and 54 goats are sacrificed in the DashainGhar according to the tradition. Taleju temple is opened publicly on this day. More than thousands of devotees visit to pray and honor the goddess throughout the day.
Bijaya Dashami (Vijayadashami/Day 10)
The most important day in the Dashain festival BijayaDashami and it is on the 10th day, and the day is the most significant. During this day, everyone dressed up in new elegant dresses and receives tika and blessings from the elders. The women prepare the tika; a mixture of rice, vermilion, and yogurt. The elders also give the younger ones Dakshina and blessings to be the right person and for their better future.
During Dashain, people with their families visit their elders to seek tika (a dab of red vermilion mixed with yogurt and rice) accompanied by blessings. The red tika take as a symbol of the blood that ties the family together forever. All the family members away from home, gather together, and receive tika from the elder one. They celebrate their happiness with each other and eat delicious food.
Kojagrata Purnima (Day 15)
KojagrataPurnima is the final day of the Dashain and it is the entire moon day, masks the ending of the Dashain festival. On at present, Laxmi, the god of wealth and luck, can come back to earth and bless the folks that did not sleep all night. Kojagrata Purnima is on the 15th day which is the ending day of Dashain and finally concludes the festival. Dashain Traditions:
Dashain is the festival of joy, entertainment, and happiness. Many different activities performing during Dashain. Some of the common activities are as below:
• Nepali people fly highly decorative kites in the sky during the festival period. They fly kites also name as “Changa” from their rooftop and plays change chait competition whenever kite strings get tangling. Most kids are crazy about kite flying.
• Another most common thing people do is Playing card games. Families and friends get together to play cards and enjoy.
• Most of the homes are cleaning and decorating ornately. This is also to be a gesture to the Hindu “mother goddess” to come back down and bless the house with sensible luck.
• All the family members that are away from form gather together and enjoy reunions in the clean and beautiful houses. In the Dashain festival. Most Children are decorating in elegant clothes and are heading towards their relatives’ houses to put tika and receive blessings called ”aashirbadh.
The weather during Dashain is fair and mild with the chilled morning. The environment is clean with fresh air around with no more dust and mud. Farmers are free from plantations and weddings.
Along with this, all the colleges, schools, factories, and offices remain closed at this period. Sword precessions (Paayaa) are also holding in various part of the Kathmandu Valley
Decorated shops .fair and pleasant weather ripening and rustling crops, cleanliness of roads, temples, crowded shops, etc. are the perks of the Dashain festival. This all indicates the greatness and joyous movement of the most significant celebration. All the people greet each other with Dashainsuvakamana. Apart from that, various media such as radio, TV, and newspaper publish Dashain’s wishes to the folks.
After the end of the Dashain festival, everyone gets back to their daily life. People also receive the blessing of Goddess; people go to work and gain power and wealth.
Another interesting thing people do is play swings that constructing temporarily out of bamboo and set up for children to play. Adults are enjoying the swings, which is up to 20 feet high. The swings destroy at the end of the festivals.
Thousands of animals sacrificing, such as buffalo, goat, and ducks to appease Hindu goddesses all over the country. People also visit the temple to worship various gods